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This is an archived copy of the 2010-2011 Catalog. To access the most recent version of the Catalog, please visit http://coursecatalog.web.cmu.edu.

Department of Mechanical Engineering Courses


Note on Course Numbers

Each Carnegie Mellon course number begins with a two-digit prefix which designates the department offering the course (76-xxx courses are offered by the Department of English, etc.). The first digit after the prefix indicates the class level: xx-1xx courses are freshmen-level, xx-2xx courses are sophomore level, etc. xx-6xx courses may be either undergraduate senior-level or graduate-level, depending on the department. xx-7xx courses and higher are graduate-level. Please consult the Schedule of Classes each semester for course offerings and for any necessary pre-requisites or co-requisites.

24-101 Fundamentals of Mechanical Engineering
Fall and Spring: 12 units
The purpose of this course is to introduce the student to the field of mechanical engineering through an exposition of its disciplines, including structural analysis, mechanism design, fluid flows, and thermal systems. By using principles and methods of analysis developed in lectures, students will complete two major projects. These projects will begin with conceptualization, proceed with the analysis of candidate designs, and culminate in the construction and testing of a prototype. The creative process will be encouraged throughout. The course is intended primarily for CIT freshmen. 3 hrs. lec., 2 hrs. rec./lab.
Corequisites: 21-115, 21-116, 33-106
24-200 Machine Shop Practice
Fall and Spring: 1 unit
24-200 Machine Shop Practices Fall and Spring Semesters, 1 units, 6 week mini course This course familiarizes students with the operation and safety of machine tools. This gives students knowledge of what goes into engineering designs in building a prototype and also enables them to operate shop machinery as a part of future courses. Prerequisite: Undergraduate Mechanical Engineering standing 2 hours lab Machine Shop Practices should be completed prior to Design II 24-441. However, if necessary, it may be scheduled concurrently with Design II in the first mini of the semester.
24-201 Engineering Graphics
Fall and Spring: 9 units
Introduction to the use and preparation of manually and computer generated engineering drawings, including the following topics: basic drawing techniques; dimensioning of orthographic drawings; auxiliary and oblique views; sectional drawings; working drawings; blueprint reading; freehand sketching; production standards, methods, and symbols; simplified drawing techniques; intersection and development; basic applied descriptive geometry. 3 hrs. rec., 3 hrs. lab.
24-221 Thermodynamics I
Fall: 10 units
Temperature and thermometry; equations of state for fluids and solids; work, heat, and the first law; internal energy, enthalpy, and specific heats; energy equations for flow; change of phase; the second law, reversibility, absolute temperature, and entropy; combined first and second laws; availability; power and refrigeration cycles. Applications to a wide range of processes and devices. 3 hrs. lec.
Prerequisites: 24-101 and 33-106 and (21-122 or 21-123)
24-231 Fluid Mechanics
Spring: 10 units
Hydrostatics. Control volume concepts of mass, momentum, and energy conservation. Euler's and Bernoulli's equations. Viscous flow equations. Head loss in ducts and piping systems. Dimensional analysis and similitude as an engineering tool. Measurement techniques. 3 hrs. lec., 1 hr. rec.
Prerequisites: 33-106 and (21-122 or 21-123)
24-261 Statics
Fall: 10 units
This course is the first in a two-semester sequence on the solid mechanics of engineering structures and machines. The course begins with a review of the statics of rigid bodies, which includes the identification of statically indeterminate problems. Two- and three-dimensional statics problems are treated. Thereafter, the course studies stresses and deflections in deformable components. In turn, the topics covered are: simple tension, compression, and shear; thin-walled pressure vessels; torsion; and bending of beams. For each topic, statically indeterminate problems are analyzed and elementary considerations of strength are introduced. 3 hrs. lec., 1 hr. rec./lab.
Prerequisites: (21-118 or 21-122 or 21-123) and 33-106
24-262 Stress Analysis
Spring: 12 units
This course is the second in a two-semester sequence on the solid mechanics of engineering structures and machines. The basic topics of uniaxial tension/compression, torsion, and flexural deformation from 24-261 are reviewed. Combined loadings and stresses are then treated, which lead to a consideration of failure criteria. Two-dimensional elasticity and the finite element method are introduced. Stress concentrations are quantified analytically, numerically, and with the use of engineering handbooks. Cyclic failure criteria are introduced, and both static and cyclic failure criteria are applied to results from numerical analysis. 3 hrs. lec., 1 hr. rec./lab.
Prerequisites: 24-261 and 33-106
24-302 Mechanical Engineering Seminar I
Fall and Spring: 2 units
The purpose of this course is to help students develop good presentation skills and to provide a forum for presentations and discussions of professional ethics. Students will make at least two presentations, one of which is related to professional ethics. Student grades will be based on their presentation skills and their participation in class discussions. 1 hr. rec. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of instructor
24-311 Numerical Methods
Fall: 12 units
Use of numerical methods for solving engineering problems with the aid of a digital computer. The course will contain numerical methods such as roots of equations, linear algebraic equations, optimization, curve fitting, and integral and differential equation solving. MATLAB will be used as the programming language. Programming cluster laboratory times will be available twice a week. Problems will be drawn from all fields of interest to mechanical engineers. 3 hrs. lecture plus lab
Prerequisites: 21-260
24-321 Thermal-Fluids Experimentation and Design
Spring: 12 units
24-321 Thermal-Fluids Experimentation and Design Spring: 12 units This is a capstone course for the thermal-fluids core-course sequence. This course is comprised of two elements: experimentation and design. The experimental experience covers techniques of measurement, uncertainty analysis, and realization of systems, which demonstrate fundamental principles in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. The practice of designing a thermal system is also integrated into this course. 4 hrs. lec./lab Pre-requisites: 24-221 (Thermodynamics I), 24-231 (Fluid Mechanics), 24-322 (Heat Transfer)
Prerequisites: 24-221 and 24-231 and 24-322
24-322 Heat Transfer
Fall: 10 units
Introduction to basic concepts of engineering heat transfer. Steady and transient heat conduction in solids, including the effect of heat generation. Finned surfaces. Correlation formulas for forced and free convection, condensation, and boiling. Design and analysis of heat exchangers. Radiation heat transfer. Problems in combined convection and radiation. Measurement techniques. 3 hrs. lec., 1 hr. recitation.
Prerequisites: 21-260 and 24-221 and 24-231
24-324 Energy and Thermal Systems Analysis
Fall: 9 units
Fall: 9 units Energy and Thermal Systems Analysis Performance studies of various thermal processes and devices with emphasis on energy utilization. The concepts of gas mixtures, chemical potential, and energy (availability) analysis will be introduced and applied. Examples will be drawn from co-generation and nuclear power plants, jet propulsion, internal combustion engines, desalination, and fuel cells. 3 hrs. rec. Prerequisites: 24-221, 24-231
24-331 Viscous Flow
Intermittent: 10 units
The concept of fluid shear and viscosity and viscous flow in tubes and channels. Hydrodynamic lubrication of bearings. The concept of turbulence and turbulent flow in tubes and channels. The boundary layer concept and applications to momentum transfer (drag), energy transfer (heat convection), and mass transfer (evaporation, etc.). 3 hrs. rec., 1 hr. lab
Prerequisites: 21-259 and 21-260 and 24-221 and 24-231
24-332 Potential Flow Aerodynamics
Intermittent: 9 units
Development of the fundamental equations of incompressible frictionless flow. Concepts of circulation, vorticity, irrotationality, stream function, and velocity potential. Two-dimensional low speed airfoil theory; lift and moment calculations for the infinite span wing; empirical airfoil data for real airfoils; thin airfoil theory. Three-dimensional effects; flow distribution; Prandtl's wing theory; induced drag; the elliptic lift distribution; the general lift distribution. 3 hrs. rec.
Prerequisites: 21-259 and 21-260 and 24-231
24-333 Gas Dynamics
Intermittent: 9 units
Development of the foundations of frictionless compressible flow. Internal flow with friction and heat transfer. Acoustics and wave motion. Oblique shocks and expansion waves. Two-dimensional subsonic and supersonic flow including hodograph transformations, linearized theory of thin airfoils, and the method of characteristics. Introduction to transonic and hypersonic flow and reentry problems. 3 hrs. rec.
Prerequisites: 21-259 and 21-260
24-341 Manufacturing Sciences
Spring: 9 units
This course has two broad concerns: an introductory review of manufacturing systems organization and a review of common manufacturing processes from the point of view of design for manufacturability. The features of mass and batch production are quantitatively considered. The basic principles of group technology and production planning are outlined. The use of computers in manufacturing is described, together with a review of the current capabilities of industrial robots. Students will be involved in weekly seminars, which will describe the basic features of common manufacturing processes, including metal machining, metal forming, polymer processing, casting techniques, joining techniques, ceramic processing, and powder processing. Case studies from industry and films may be used. 3 hrs. rec.
Prerequisites: 24-262
24-351 Dynamics
Fall: 10 units
This first course on the modeling and analysis of dynamic systems concentrates on the motion of particles, systems of particles, and rigid bodies under the action of forces and moments. Topics include the kinematics of motion in rectangular, polar, and intrinsic coordinates; relative motion analysis with multiple reference frames; and planar kinetics through the second law, work-energy method, and impulse-momentum method. Time and frequency domain solutions to first and second order equations of motion are discussed. 3 hrs. lec. 1 hr rec.
Prerequisites: 24-261
24-352 Dynamic Systems and Controls
Spring: 12 units
This second course on the modeling and analysis of dynamic systems emphasizes the common features, which are exhibited by physical systems that include mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, thermal, electrical, and electromechanical elements. State equations and the concepts of equilibrium, linearization, and stability are discussed. Time and frequency domain solutions are developed. 4 hr. lec.
Prerequisites: 21-260 and 24-261 and 33-107
24-353 Intermediate Dynamics
Intermittent: 9 units
This course presents classical (i.e., nonrelativistic) dynamics via the vector formulation of Newtonian mechanics and the analytical dynamics of Lagrange's equations. Classical dynamics is used for the purpose of obtaining mathematical models of dynamic systems which are then employed in the analysis of dynamic behavior and in design synthesis. Course contents include a review of particle kinematics and Newton's laws, kinematics of rigid bodies in general motion, Newtonian kinetics of rigid bodies including the Newton-Euler equations of motion, impulse-momentum and work-energy methods, fundamentals of analytical mechanics including the principle of virtual work and Hamilton's principle leading to Lagrange's equations of motion, and advanced issues of analytical mechanics. 3 hrs. lec.
24-355 Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms
Intermittent: 9 units
This design-oriented course addresses the kinematics and dynamics of mechanisms with applications to linkage systems, reciprocating engines, and industrial machinery. Conventional as well as innovative rigid-body dynamic systems are studied. Problems of kinematics and dynamics are framed in a form suited for computer analysis. The course bridges analysis and design by emphasizing the synthesis of mechanisms. To stimulate a creative approach, homework and project work draw upon actual engineering design problems. 3 hrs. rec.
Prerequisites: 24-351
24-356 Engineering Vibrations
Intermittent: 11 units
Frequency response of linear mechanical systems, with and without damping. Use of computational methods for simulating system response and the use of modal analysis for understanding the vibratory response of complex systems. Lumped and distributed mass systems. Applications include isolation, stability, and balancing. 3 hrs. lec., 1 hr. rec.
Prerequisites: 21-260
24-361 Intermediate Stress Analysis
Intermittent: 10 units
This course first reviews important solutions from strength of materials, Mohr's circle, and multiaxial failure theories. Students are then introduced to the theory of elasticity with an emphasis on understanding the field equations and boundary conditions. A short introduction to the theory of finite element methods is given. Additional topics covered include buckling, stress concentrations, plasticity, and fracture mechanics. An important aspect of the course is teaching students how topics covered in class can be applied to predict or understand failures in engineering applications. Another important skill that is emphasized is the application of fundamentals from the lectures and physical intuition to interpret results generated by finite element models. 3 hrs. lec., 1 hr. lab.
Prerequisites: 21-259 and 24-262
24-370 Engineering Design I: Methods and Skills
Spring: 12 units
24-370 Engineering Design I: Methods and Skills Spring: 12 Units In this course, students will learn methods and skills for the engineering design process, consisting of four stages: concept design, detail design, analysis, and manufacturing. The course covers the engineering design process in a holistic fashion by discussing theories and practices of the four stages and inter-relating them. Some hands-on assignments, including computational assignments, are given to enhance the learning outcome. After taking this course, students will be able to: express ideas in sketches; interpret and create engineering drawings; select and apply machine elements; model detailed shapes with CAD tools; analyze product performance with CAE tools; and choose materials and manufacturing schemes. Co-requisites: 24-262 (stress analysis) and junior status
Corequisite: 24-262
24-391 Mechanical Engineering Project
All Semesters
Practice in the organization, planning, and execution of appropriate engineering projects. These investigations may be assigned on an individual or a team basis and in most cases will involve experimental work. 9 hrs. lab.
24-392 Mechancial Engineering Project
All Semesters
Practice in the organization, planning, and execution of appropriate engineering projects. These investigations may be assigned on an individual or a team basis and in most cases will involve experimental work. 9 hrs. lab.
24-415 Microfluidics
Intermittent: 9 units
24-415 – Microfluidics 9 units This course offers an introduction to the emerging field of microfluidics with an emphasis on chemical and life sciences applications. During this course students will examine the fluid dynamical phenomena underlying key components of “lab on a chip” devices. Students will have the opportunity to learn practical aspects of microfluidic device operation through hands-on laboratory experience, computer simulations of microscale flows, and reviews of recent literature in the field. Throughout the course, students will consider ways of optimizing device performance based on knowledge of the fundamental fluid mechanics. Students will explore selected topics in more detail through a semester project. Major course topics include pressure-driven and electrokinetically-driven flows in microchannels, surface effects, micro-fabrication methods, micro/nanoparticles for biotechnology, biochemical reactions and assays, mixing and separation, two-phase flows, and integration and design of microfluidic chips. 3 hrs lec. Prerequisites: 24-231 or 06-261 or 12-355 Cross-listed with 24-715
24-421 Internal Combustion Engines
Fall: 10 units
Basic principles and fundamentals of internal combustion engines; gas turbine, spark ignition and diesel compression ignition engines. Combustion chamber design. Monitoring and control of fuel efficiency and emission of pollutants in exhaust gases. Developments in direct injection, rotary, prechamber and stratified charge engines. Ignition, fuel injection, mixing and combustion processes, heat release, and energy balances. Engine laboratory projects include: air and fuel controls, measurement of particulate and species concentrations in exhaust gases. 3 hrs. rec., 1 hr. lab.
Prerequisites: 24-221 and 24-231
Corequisite: 24-322
24-423 Direct Energy Conversion
Intermittent: 9 units
Principles of energy conversion between various forms of energy including heat, electricity, and light. Applications. Theory of thermoelectric, thermionic, magnetohydrodynamic, and photovoltaic direct conversion devices. Principles of chemical and mechanical energy storage.
24-424 Energy and the Environment
Intermittent: 9 units
Fuel cycles for conventional and non-conventional energy resources; relationships between environmental impacts and the conversion or utilization of energy; measures of system and process efficiency; detailed study and analysis of coal-based energy systems including conventional and advanced power generation, synthetic fuels production, and industrial processes; technological options for multi-media (air, water, land) pollution control; mathematical modeling of energy-environmental interactions and tradeoffs and their dependency on technical and policy parameters; methodologies for energy and environmental forecasting; applications to issues of current interest.
24-425 Combustion and Air Pollution Control
Intermittent: 9 units
Formation and control of gaseous and particulate air pollutants in combustion systems. Basic principles of combustion, including thermochemical equilibrium, flame temperature, chemical kinetics, hydrocarbon chemistry, and flame structure. Formation of gaseous and particulate pollutants in combustion systems. Combustion modifications and post-combustion technologies for pollutant control. Relationship between technology and regional, national, and global air pollution control strategies. The internal combustion engine and coal-fired utility boiler are used as examples.
24-441 Engineering Design II: Conceptualization and Realization
Fall and Spring: 12 units
24-441 - Engineering Design II: Conceptualization and Realization Fall and Spring 12 units. This course guides students through the design process in the applied design of a practical mechanical system. Lectures describe the typical design process and its associated activities, emphasizing methods for innovation and tools for design analysis. Professional and ethical responsibilities of designers, interactions with clients and other professionals, regulatory aspects, and public responsibility are discussed. The design project is typically completed in teams and is based on a level of engineering knowledge expected of seniors. Proof of practicality is required in the form of descriptive documentation. Frequently, a working model will also be required. Oral progress reports and a final written and oral report are required. 3 hrs. rec., 3 hrs lab Prerequisites: 24-262 (Stress Analysis) and senior standing. Co-requisite: Design I 24-370 (preferred as a prerequisite)Machine Shop Practice 24-200 (preferred as a prerequisite)
Prerequisites: 24-262
Corequisite: 24-370
24-451 Feedback Control Systems
Fall: 12 units
Fundamentals of feedback control with emphasis on classical techniques and an introduction to discrete-time (computer controlled) systems. Topics include the following: frequency domain modeling and state space modeling of dynamical systems; feedback control system concepts and components; control system performance specifications such as stability, transient response, and steady state error; analytical and graphical methods for analysis and design - root locus, Bode plot, Nyquist criterion; design and implementation of proportional, proportional-derivative, proportional-integral-derivative, lead, lag, and lead-lag controllers. Extensive use of computer aided analysis and design software. 4 hrs lec.
Prerequisites: (15-110 or 15-121) and 24-352
24-452 Mechanical Systems Experimentation
Fall: 9 units
24-452 Mechanical Systems Experimentation Fall : 9 Units Experimentation in dynamic systems and controls.  The course will cover translational and rotational systems.  Topics will include mechanical elements, natural frequencies, mode shapes, free and forced response, frequency response and Bode plots, time constants, transient response specifications, feedback controls such as PID control, and stability for single-degree-of-freedom and multi-degree-freedom systems.  The course will introduce and use state-of-the-art experimentation hardware and software. 1 hr. lecture, 2 hrs. lab. Co-requisite: 24-352 (Dynamic Systems and Control) (due to scheduling is typically and ideally a pre-requisite) and senior status. THIS COURSE IS FALL ONLY - DSC IS SPRING ONLY
Corequisite: 24-352
24-484 Decision Tools for Engineering Design and Entrepreneurship
Intermittent: 12 units
24-484 Decision Tools for Engineering Design and Entrepreneurship 12 Units This course provides engineers with a multidisciplinary mathematical foundation for integrated modeling of engineering design and enterprise planning decisions in an uncertain, competitive market. Topics include economics in product design, manufacturing and operations modeling and accounting, consumer choice modeling, survey design, conjoint analysis, decision-tree analysis, optimization, game theory, model integration, and professional communication skills. Students will apply theory and methods to a team project for a new product or emerging technology of their choice, developing a business plan to defend technical and economic competitiveness. Students may choose to select emerging technologies from research at Carnegie Mellon for study in the course, and in some years venture capitalists and other industry leaders will take part in critiquing student projects. This course assumes some prior programming experience in Matlab. Prerequisites: Senior standing and 21-259 or instructor approval (Cross listed with 24-784, 19-484 and 19-784)
Prerequisites: 21-259
24-491 Department Research Honors
Fall and Spring
This course is designed to give students increased exposure to "open-ended" problems and research type projects. It involves doing a project on a research or design topic and writing a thesis describing that project. The project would be conducted under the supervision of a mechanical engineering faculty member (the advisor), and must be approved by the advisor before inception. This course can be taken at any time after the Junior year and before graduation which includes the summer after the Junior year. Completion of 18 units of this course with a grade of B or better is a partial fulfillment of the requirements for Departmental Research Honors.
24-492 Department Research Honors
Fall and Spring
This course is designed to give students increased exposure to "open-ended" problems and research type projects. It involves doing a project on a research or design topic and writing a thesis describing that project. The project would be conducted under the supervision of a mechanical engineering faculty member (the advisor), and must be approved by the advisor before inception. This course can be taken at any time after the Junior year and before graduation which includes the summer after the Junior year. Completion of 18 units of this course with a grade of B or better is a partial fulfillment of the requirements for Departmental Research Honors.
24-614 Microelectromechanical Systems
Intermittent: 12 units
This course introduces fabrication and design fundamentals for Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS): on-chip sensor and actuator systems having micron-scale dimensions. Basic principles covered include microstructure fabrication, mechanics of silicon and thin-film materials, electrostatic force, capacitive motion detection, fluidic damping, piezoelectricity, piezoresistivity, and thermal micromechanics. Applications covered include pressure sensors, micromirror displays, accelerometers, and gas microsensors. Grades are based on exams and homework assignments. 4 hrs. lecture Prerequisite for undergraduates: 18-321 or 24-351 Prerequisite for: 18-724/24-724. Cross-listed 18-614.
Prerequisites: 18-321 or 24-351