Kiron K. Skinner, Director and Taube Professor
Department Office: Porter Hall 223E

Founded in 2015, the Institute for Politics and Strategy (IPS) is a university-wide institute for research and undergraduate and graduate education in the fields of political science, international relations, national security, and grand strategy.  IPS is dedicated to the study of politics through the discipline of political science with support from other social sciences. In this way, IPS carries on a respected tradition of interdisciplinary political science at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). IPS also builds upon the university’s rich heritage of applying basic science to issues of public policy. 

At various times during the past fifty years, CMU faculty members have been innovators of what is now known as formal theory and public choice. Indeed, some of them were involved in the founding and early meetings of scholarly organizations in these areas. Political science teaching and research took place in numerous CMU colleges but by the early 2000s most teaching and research in political science occurred in the Department of Social and Decision Sciences (SDS). Home also to research and teaching in behavioral economics, complex social systems, decision science, and strategy, entrepreneurship, and technological change, SDS supported a rigorous undergraduate and doctoral program in political science focused on US politics, quantitative methods, formal theory, game theory, and social choice. 

Started during the 1999-2000 academic year, the additional major in international relations stood alongside the political science major. That major, the university’s first full-scale undergraduate teaching program in international relations, was a joint initiative of the Department of History, the Department of Modern Languages, and the Department of Social and Decision Sciences. As student enrollment flourished and the opportunity arose to develop the major’s social science component, the additional major became a stand-alone course of study.  It was renamed International Relations and Politics (IRP) and moved to the Department of Social and Decision Sciences. The name of the major signifies that those studying IRP learn about international relations and domestic politics from the standpoint of the discipline of political science.  Thus, the IRP major preserves and expands CMU's tradition in political science.

At the same time, IRP taps into and contributes to CMU’s strengths in other social sciences that combine analytical and empirical methods.  IRP has recently launched an innovative initiative to incorporate decision science in international relations. Thus, students learn to apply the burgeoning science of judgment and decision making to understanding political actors’ strategies and foibles, the strengths and weaknesses of formal methods of policy analysis (e.g., cost, risk, benefit, analysis), and the factors shaping public responses to politics and policies.

IRP is the flagship academic program in IPS. The major provides the rich set of courses and programmatic offerings that have made it an attractive course of study for students from all of CMU’s colleges. 

Basic science is the foundation for the public policy activities of IPS. Analytical social science and interdisciplinary research and teaching are used to better understand, explain, anticipate, and solve public policy problems.  

The CMU traditions of analytical political science and applied social science are reflected in the degree programs and entities that IPS supports and oversees. The academic programs included in the Institute for Politics and Strategy are:

  • International Relations and Politics Major (primary and additional);
  • International Relations and Politics Minor;
  • Cybersecurity and International Conflict Minor;
  • Politics and Public Policy Minor;
  • Accelerated Master of Science in International Relations and Politics; and
  • Master of Information Technology Strategy.

The IRP minor shares core courses with the IRP major. The minor in Politics and Public Policy has a greater focus on domestic politics and public policy than either the IRP major or minor. The minor in Cybersecurity and International Conflict analyzes the role of cyber warfare and cybersecurity in international politics – past, present, and future.

The Accelerated Master of Science in International Relations and Politics (IRP/AMP) is open only to Carnegie Mellon undergraduate students.  Students should have an undergraduate major, additional major, or minor in International Relations and Politics, they should have participated in the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program, or they should have special approval from the faculty admissions committee.  Current undergraduates will apply for the IRP/AMP during the junior year. The primary focus of the IRP/AMP is international security, along with additional courses in political institutions.

The Master of Information Technology Strategy (MITS) program provides graduate students with core interdisciplinary competencies in cyber security. The master’s program is a joint initiative of the College of Engineering, the Institute for Politics and Strategy, and the School of Computer Science. The Institute for Software Research, a department in the School of Computer Science, is the administrative home for MITS.

IPS administers these initiatives:

  • The Center for International Relations and Politics;
  • The Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program; and
  • The Institute for Strategic Analysis.

The Center for International Relations and Politics (CIRP) is a university hub for scholarly and policy-oriented activities on domestic and international issues.  CIRP supports and promotes student and faculty research and hosts national and international thought leaders through its Policy Forum.

The Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program (CMU/WSP) is a semester-long program for undergraduates interested in taking courses and interning in Washington.  The minor in Politics and Public Policy may be earned by completing CMU/WSP and taking an additional core course in the International Relations and Politics major. 

Founded in 2013, the Institute for Strategic Analysis facilitates and supports CMU faculty members interested in bringing their scientific research to bear upon problems of national security. These problems include terrorism, artificial intelligence, cyber challenges, war avoidance, intelligence, and the intersection of energy and security.  ISA facilitates strategic engagements between CMU faculty and leaders in the defense and intelligence community as they seek mutually beneficial ways to have basic research inform national security policy.

The Major in International Relations and Politics

Kiron K. Skinner, Faculty Director; kskinner@andrew.cmu.edu, Porter Hall 223E
Emily Half, Deputy Director; ehalf@andrew.cmu.edu, Baker Hall A55B, 412-268-7082
www.cmu.edu/ips
 

Offered through the Institute for Politics and Strategy (IPS), the International Relations and Politics (IRP) major analyzes the role of politics at the national, regional, international, and transnational levels; examines political and institutional arrangements within and among these levels; and investigates the grand strategy of nation-states.

Statesmen, scholars, and policy makers often define grand strategy as the combination of diplomatic, economic, military, and political factors used by leaders to defend their respective nation-states. The IRP major investigates the way in which leaders and citizens construct grand strategy and national security policy more generally; the impact of domestic and international forces on states’ security and economic policies; and the significance of alliances, coalitions, and international institutions for world politics.

Although the study of grand strategy and political institutions is the flagship initiative of the major, students are also able to study the effects of culture, economics, and society on the international system through a rich set of elective courses.

Thinking systematically about international and domestic politics is the core objective of the IRP major. To this end, the major has prerequisites in mathematics and statistics that help to sharpen students’ ability to undertake scientific analysis in the required substantive and historical courses. The major is rooted in the discipline of political science but also utilizes the interdisciplinary strengths of decision science, economics, and political history. Thus, students pursuing this major will use the analytic tools of game theory, economic and statistical analysis, qualitative analysis, rational choice theory, and theories of behavioral decision making as they study alliances, coalitions, institutions, and political strategy.

The name of the major signifies that those studying IRP learn about international relations and domestic politics from the standpoint of the discipline of political science. Also, the major taps into and contributes to CMU’s strengths in other social sciences that combine analytical and empirical methods. IRP has recently launched an innovative initiative to incorporate decision science in international relations. It enables students to apply the burgeoning science of judgment and decision making to understanding political actors’ strategies and foibles, the strengths and weaknesses of formal methods of policy analysis (e.g., cost, risk, benefit, analysis), and the factors shaping public responses to politics and policies.

Recognizing the influence of language and culture on politics, students are required to complete the intermediate (200) level, or its equivalent, in a modern language other than English. Advanced-level study is strongly encouraged.

Open to all Carnegie Mellon undergraduates, the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program (CMU/WSP) allows students to study public policy and intern in Washington for one semester. Courses taken through CMU/WSP will count toward the elective sequence in public policy for IRP majors.

Students’ understanding of politics is further informed by courses and colloquia offered by CMU’s top-ranked departments, divisions, and schools in business, computer science, and engineering.

IRP majors interested in developing their research skills are encouraged to apply for a research position with the Center for International Relations and Politics or work directly with a member of the IPS faculty. Students are also encouraged to join student organizations focused on domestic or international politics. Becoming involved in the Institute for Politics and Strategy, as well as attending lectures and events sponsored by the Center for International Relations and Politics will provide additional opportunities for students.

In addition to the primary major in International Relations and Politics, IPS offers an additional major. Minors in International Relations and Politics, Cybersecurity and International Conflict, and Politics and Public Policy are also available. 

Prerequisites

All International Relations and Politics majors should complete prerequisites by the end of the sophomore year.

Prerequisites Units
21-111-21-112Differential Calculus - Integral Calculus10-20
or 21-120 Differential and Integral Calculus
36-200Reasoning with Data9
Curriculum
Core Courses Units
84-104Decision Processes in American Political Institutions9
84-250Writing for Political Science and Policy9
84-265Political Science Research Methods9
84-275Comparative Politics9
84-326Theories of International Relations9
84-369Decision Science for International Relations9
84-450Policy Forum6
36-202Statistics & Data Science Methods9
73-102Principles of Microeconomics9
Language Requirement

Students are required to complete the intermediate (200) level or the equivalent in a modern language other than English.  Advanced level study is strongly encouraged. Students who successfully pass a language placement exam on campus, at the intermediate II level or higher, are required to take an advanced language course to satisfy the language requirement.

Electives45 units

International Relations and Politics students will either:

Option 1) take 45 units (five courses) from the elective lists below. At least three courses (27 units) must be from the Institute for Politics and Strategy (84-xxx). Most courses listed below are 9-unit courses, but some are fewer. When courses offered for fewer than 9 units are chosen, students should note that a minimum of 45 units is required, and should plan to take one or more additional courses as appropriate.

OR

Option 2) complete the majority of their electives via the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program (CMU/WSP) Public Policy elective sequence. Any elective units not fulfilled during CMU/WSP may be completed through coursework from the Institute for Politics and Strategy (84-xxx) elective list.

The Washington Semester Program (CMU/WSP) Public Policy Elective Sequence includes:
  • Policy Forum (12 units) - This course will count as the Policy Forum (84-450) Core Course Requirement.
  • Internship Seminar 84-360 CMU/WSP Internship Seminar (12 units)
  • CMU/WSP Elective Seminars (24 units total)

A list of CMU/WSP Elective Seminars may be found in the Public Policy Elective list below.

Grand Strategy and Political Institutions Units
66-221Topics of Law: Introduction to Intellectual Property Law9
79-203Social and Political Change in 20th Century Central and Eastern Europe9
79-298Mobile Phones & Social Media in Development & Human Rights: A Critical Appraisal6
79-301History of Surveillance: From the Plantation to Edward Snowden6
79-302Killer Robots: The Ethics, Law, and Politics of Lethal Autonomous Weapons System6
80-135Introduction to Political Philosophy9
80-321Causation, Law, and Social Policy9
80-335Social and Political Philosophy9
84-309Political Behavior9
84-319U.S. Foreign Policy and Interventions in World Affairs9
84-320Domestic Politics and International Affairs9
84-321Autocrats and Democrats9
84-322Nonviolent Conflict and Revolution9
84-323War and Peace9
84-324Democracies and War9
84-325Contemporary American Foreign Policy9
84-362Diplomacy and Statecraft9
84-363Comparative Legal Systems9
84-366Presidential Politics: So, You Want to Be President of the United States9
84-370Global Nuclear Politics9
84-372Space and National Security9
84-380Grand Strategy in the United States9
84-386The Privatization of Force9
84-387Technology and Policy of Cyber War9
84-388Concepts of War and Cyber War6
84-389Terrorism and Insurgency9
84-390Social Media, Technology, and Conflict9
84-393Legislative Decision Making: US Congress6
84-402Judicial Politics and Behavior9
84-405The Future of Warfare9
84-414International and Subnational Security9
88-281Topics in Law: 1st Amendment9
88-284Topics of Law: The Bill of Rights9
Economics and Society Units
19-452EPP Projects12
70-342Managing Across Cultures9
70-365International Trade and International Law9
70-430International Management9
73-103Principles of Macroeconomics9
73-328Health Economics12
73-331Political Economy of Inequality and Redistribution9
73-394Development Economics9
79-386Entrepreneurs in Africa, Past, Present and Future9
80-136Social Structure, Public Policy & Ethics9
80-244Environmental Ethics9
80-249AI, Society, and Humanity9
80-348Health, Development, and Human Rights9
80-447Global Justice9
84-310International Political Economy9
84-311International Development: Theory and Praxis9
84-312Gender and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa6
84-313International Organizations and Law9
84-315Contemporary Debates in Human Rights9
84-318Politics of Developing Nations9
88-411Rise of the Asian Economies9
88-412Energy, Climate Change, and Economic Growth in the 21st Century9
88-430Methods of Policy Analysis12
International Cultures Units
76-318Communicating in the Global Marketplace9
76-386Language & Culture9
79-20520th & 21st Century Europe9
79-221Development and Democracy in Latin America9
79-222Between Revolutions: The Development of Modern Latin America9
79-223Mexico: From the Aztec Empire to the Drug War9
79-224Mayan America9
79-227Modern Africa: The Slave Trade to the End of Apartheid9
79-229Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1880-19489
79-230Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 19489
79-233The United States and the Middle East since 19459
79-25620th Century Germany9
79-257Germany and the Second World War9
79-259France During World War II9
79-262Modern China: From the Birth of Mao ... to Now9
79-264Tibet and China: History and Propaganda6
79-265Russian History: From the First to the Last Tsar9
79-266Russian History: From Communism to Capitalism9
79-267The Soviet Union in World War II: Military, Political, and Social History9
79-275Introduction to Global Studies9
79-288Bananas, Baseball, and Borders: Latin America and the United States9
79-291Globalization in East African History6
79-307Religion and Politics in the Middle East9
79-313"Unwanted": Refugees, Asylum Seekers, and Patterns of Global Migration6
79-314The Politics and Culture of Memory9
79-318Sustainable Social Change: History and Practice9
79-320Women, Politics, and Protest9
79-338History of Education in America9
79-342Introduction to Science and Technology Studies9
79-343Education, Democracy, and Civil Rights9
79-377Food, Culture, and Power: A History of Eating9
79-381Energy and Empire: How Fossil Fuels Changed the World9
79-385Out of Africa: The Making of the African Diaspora9
79-398Documenting the 1967 Arab-Israeli War9
85-375Crosscultural Psychology9
300 or 400- level language course
CMU/WSP Public Policy Elective Seminars
84-330The Shading of Democracy: The Influence of Race on American Politics6
84-331Money, Media, and the Power of Data in Decisionmaking6
84-332Effects of US Policy on Businesses: Perspectives of Asian Americans6
84-333Power and Levers for Change in Washington, DC12
84-334Presidential Power in a Constitutional System6
84-336Implementing Public Policy: From Good Idea To Reality12
84-337Biomedical Science Research, Policy, and Governance6
84-343Language and Power: How to Understand and Use Political Speech6
84-346Legal Issues in Public Administration6
84-348Advocacy, Policy and Practice6

NOTE: Some courses have additional prerequisites.

Double Counting: Students may double count a maximum of four courses with another major or minor.

International Relations and Politics, B.S.

These sample curricula represent a plan for completing the requirements for the B.S. in International Relations and Politics. International Relations and Politics students are encouraged to spend a semester studying and interning in Washington, DC, through the CMU/WSP, and/or study abroad. The plan below demonstrates that a semester off-campus fits well into the curriculum. As with most majors in the Dietrich College, the International Relations and Politics major can be completed in as few as two years of undergraduate study, not that it must be. Students may declare the B.S. in International Relations and Politics and take appropriate courses as early as the second semester of the freshman year and as late as the second semester sophomore year, and should consult frequently with the deputy director (see above) about their course of study.

FreshmanSophomore
FallSpringFallSpring
36-200 Reasoning with DataFirst-Year Writing (FYW)84-326 Theories of International Relations84-250 Writing for Political Science and Policy
79-104 Global HistoriesFreshman Seminar73-102 Principles of Microeconomics84-265 Political Science Research Methods
21-120 Differential and Integral Calculus*Language CourseLanguage CourseLanguage Course
84-104 Decision Processes in American Political Institutions **36-202 Statistics & Data Science MethodsIRP ElectiveIRP Elective
Language Course84-275 Comparative PoliticsGen Ed or ElectiveIRP Elective
99-101 Computing @ Carnegie Mellon

*If required to start with 21-111 in fall of freshman year, complete 21-112 in spring of freshman year.

**This course should be taken as the first course in the International Relations and Politics major sequence. It is intended for students in the first or second year.

JuniorSenior
FallSpringFallSpring
84-369 Decision Science for International RelationsCMU/WSP or STUDY ABROAD*IRP Elective84-450 Policy Forum**
Language Course or ElectiveElectiveElectiveElective
IRP ElectiveElectiveElectiveElective
ElectiveElectiveElectiveElective
ElectiveElectiveElectiveElective

*All students are strongly encouraged to participate in the CMU/WSP  and/or in a study abroad program.  Spring semester of the junior year is a popular semester to study off-campus. However, International Relations and Politics majors may instead choose to participate in the CMU/WSP or study abroad in spring of sophomore year, fall of junior year, or fall of senior year. Students should consult the deputy director when planning their curricular program.

**Students who participate in the CMU/WSP will complete the Policy Forum while studying in Washington, DC. Students who do not participate in the CMU/WSP will take the Policy Forum in the spring of the senior year in Pittsburgh.

Additional Major

Students who elect International Relations and Politics as an additional major must fulfill all of the requirements of the International Relations and Politics major.

Minor in Cybersecurity and International Conflict

Kiron K. Skinner, Faculty Director; kskinner@andrew.cmu.edu, Porter Hall 223E
Emily Half, Deputy Director; ehalf@andrew.cmu.edu, Baker Hall A55B, 412-268-7082
http://www.cmu.edu/ips

The minor in cybersecurity and international conflict analyzes the role of cyber warfare and cybersecurity in international politics—past, present, and future. Cyber attacks by nation-states and their proxies have the potential to reshape how wars are fought in the twenty first century. As such, the complexity and policy challenge of cyber-engagements is immense and altogether without precedent. The minor addresses the role of deterrence, dissuasion, and attribution in cyber conflict, while also studying the nuances of key components of modern warfare—from the security dilemma to escalation management.

Courses in this minor focus on the existing gaps in our understanding of cybersecurity and international conflict, such as whether or not cyberspace is offense or defense dominant and which factors are most important in determining the answer to this, and other relevant questions, including how nation-states, their primary adversaries, and a bevy of nonstate actors engage online and in the virtual and information environments. Accordingly, the minor exposes students to basic technology concepts, methods of attack and defense, potential strategy and goals for cyber-engagement, and response and forensics for cyber-engagements.

Alongside conventional methods of warfare, cybersecurity has rapidly developed into a centerpiece of state’s ability to project power and impose its will in order to achieve its national priorities and strategic objectives. As the United States and other emerging cyber powers craft and implement doctrine in this nascent domain, there is likely to be a rapid increase in activity, from efforts to disrupt the online activities of global terrorist networks like the Islamic State to near daily raids on foreign networks designed to cripple states’ cyberweapons before they can be deployed.

In the shifting landscape of cyber capabilities, how will laws, authorities, and policies keep pace? What are the implications and consequences of actions that may be considered “short of war” by some countries but “above the threshold” of conflict by others? Will a more aggressive defensive posture with respect to cybersecurity inadvertently increase the risk of conflict with states that sponsor malicious hacking groups? What is the proper balance between offense and defense in cybersecurity and how are cyber operations best integrated into a country’s overall military strategy?

Unlike other kinds of conflicts, the attribution of attacks presents significant challenges. Indeed, in many cases, it can be difficult to determine whether the attacker is a nation-state, a nonstate actor, a criminal gang, or a lone hacktivist. Investigators must combine technical and traditional methods to identify potentially responsible parties and to understand their intent. If the aggressor’s identity cannot be confirmed, how can a counterattack be launched?  Some attackers may seek to mount “false flag” attacks and deception, for example, that misdirect defenders to counter-attack in the wrong direction. Additionally, what are appropriate responses to attacks made on civil infrastructure and private business operations, such as in the areas of financial services, transportation, energy, entertainment, and health care? In other words, what are the appropriate rules of engagement for national systems, infrastructural systems, businesses, and individuals? When, for example, is a counterattack or a “kinetic” response permissible?

These questions have major implications for the study of war and peace. More than at any time in the past, those who seek to start war may be harder to find and their motives more difficult to discern. Many of the technical challenges posed by cyberspace activities will be addressed in the School of Computer Science’s new security and privacy concentration for SCS students.  The SCS program, available to non-SCS students as a minor, requires a high degree of math and quantitative training. The cybersecurity and international conflict minor proposed herein tackles the social-scientific dimensions of cybersecurity with a focus on the implications of the cyber age for modern statecraft, warfare, elections (local, state, and national), and politics, more generally. 

CURRICULUM
60 units

Students must take one of the following two foundational courses (9 units):

84-275Comparative Politics9
84-326Theories of International Relations9

Students must take all of the following core courses (24 units):

84-387Technology and Policy of Cyber War9
84-388Concepts of War and Cyber War6
84-405The Future of Warfare9

Students must take three courses from the following list of elective courses (27 units). At least one course (9 units) must be taken from the Institute for Politics and Strategy and have an 84-number.

79-298Mobile Phones & Social Media in Development & Human Rights: A Critical Appraisal6
79-301History of Surveillance: From the Plantation to Edward Snowden6
79-302Killer Robots: The Ethics, Law, and Politics of Lethal Autonomous Weapons System6
80-249AI, Society, and Humanity9
84-319U.S. Foreign Policy and Interventions in World Affairs9
84-325Contemporary American Foreign Policy9
84-370Global Nuclear Politics9
84-372Space and National Security9
84-380Grand Strategy in the United States9
84-386The Privatization of Force9
84-389Terrorism and Insurgency9
84-390Social Media, Technology, and Conflict9
84-414International and Subnational Security9
17-200Ethics and Policy Issues in Computing9
17-303Cryptocurrencies, Blockchains and ApplicationsVar.
17-331Information Security, Privacy, and Policy12
17-333Privacy Policy, Law, and Technology9
17-334Usable Privacy and Security9
17-702Current Topics in Privacy Seminar3

Students are permitted to double count a maximum of two courses between the minor in Cybersecurity and International Conflict and another major or minor.

Minor in International Relations and Politics

Kiron K. Skinner, Faculty Director; kskinner@andrew.cmu.edu, Porter Hall 223E
Emily Half, Deputy Director; ehalf@andrew.cmu.edu, Baker Hall A55B, 412-268-7082
www.cmu.edu/ips

The International Relations and Politics (IRP) minor analyzes the role of politics at the national, regional, international, and transnational levels; examines political and institutional arrangements within and among these levels; and investigates the grand strategy of nation-states.

Statesmen, scholars, and policy makers often define grand strategy as the combination of diplomatic, economic, military, and political factors used by leaders to defend their respective nation-states. The IRP minor investigates the way in which leaders and citizens construct grand strategy and national security policy more generally; the impact of domestic and international forces on states’ security and economic policies; and the significance of alliances, coalitions, and international institutions for world politics. The study of grand strategy and political institutions is the flagship initiative of the minor.

In the tradition of Carnegie Mellon University, political science is studied and taught in an interdisciplinary manner.  Utilizing the interdisciplinary strengths of the social sciences at CMU, IRP students study political phenomena through the perspectives of decision science, economics, and political history. Students pursing the minor will be asked to develop an understanding of game theory, economic and statistical analysis, qualitative analysis, rational choice theory, and theories of behavioral decision making as they study alliances, coalitions, institutions, and political strategy.  Recognizing the influence of language and culture on politics and international relations, students are encouraged to study a modern language other than English.

The International Relations and Politics minor is offered through the Institute for Politics and Strategy.  A maximum of two courses may double count between the minor in International Relations and Politics and another major or minor.

PrerequisiteS
73-102Principles of Microeconomics9
Curriculum

54 units

Students must take all three core courses (27 units):

84-104Decision Processes in American Political Institutions9
84-275Comparative Politics9
84-326Theories of International Relations9

Students select three courses (27 units) from any of the elective sequences below.  Two courses (18 units) must be taken from the Institute for Politics and Strategy and have an 84-number.

Grand Strategy and Political Institutions
66-221Topics of Law: Introduction to Intellectual Property Law9
79-203Social and Political Change in 20th Century Central and Eastern Europe9
79-298Mobile Phones & Social Media in Development & Human Rights: A Critical Appraisal6
79-301History of Surveillance: From the Plantation to Edward Snowden6
79-302Killer Robots: The Ethics, Law, and Politics of Lethal Autonomous Weapons System6
80-135Introduction to Political Philosophy9
80-321Causation, Law, and Social Policy9
80-335Social and Political Philosophy9
84-309Political Behavior9
84-319U.S. Foreign Policy and Interventions in World Affairs9
84-320Domestic Politics and International Affairs9
84-321Autocrats and Democrats9
84-322Nonviolent Conflict and Revolution9
84-323War and Peace9
84-324Democracies and War9
84-325Contemporary American Foreign Policy9
84-362Diplomacy and Statecraft9
84-363Comparative Legal Systems9
84-366Presidential Politics: So, You Want to Be President of the United States9
84-369Decision Science for International Relations9
84-370Global Nuclear Politics9
84-372Space and National Security9
84-380Grand Strategy in the United States9
84-386The Privatization of Force9
84-387Technology and Policy of Cyber War9
84-388Concepts of War and Cyber War6
84-389Terrorism and Insurgency9
84-390Social Media, Technology, and Conflict9
84-393Legislative Decision Making: US Congress6
84-402Judicial Politics and Behavior9
84-405The Future of Warfare9
84-414International and Subnational Security9
88-281Topics in Law: 1st Amendment9
88-284Topics of Law: The Bill of Rights9
Economics and Society
19-452EPP Projects12
70-342Managing Across Cultures9
70-365International Trade and International Law9
70-430International Management9
73-103Principles of Macroeconomics9
73-328Health Economics12
73-331Political Economy of Inequality and Redistribution9
73-394Development Economics9
79-386Entrepreneurs in Africa, Past, Present and Future9
80-136Social Structure, Public Policy & Ethics9
80-244Environmental Ethics9
80-249AI, Society, and Humanity9
80-348Health, Development, and Human Rights9
80-447Global Justice9
84-310International Political Economy9
84-311International Development: Theory and Praxis9
84-312Gender and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa6
84-313International Organizations and Law9
84-315Contemporary Debates in Human Rights9
84-318Politics of Developing Nations9
88-411Rise of the Asian Economies9
88-412Energy, Climate Change, and Economic Growth in the 21st Century9
88-430Methods of Policy Analysis12
International Cultures
76-318Communicating in the Global Marketplace9
76-386Language & Culture9
79-20520th & 21st Century Europe9
79-221Development and Democracy in Latin America9
79-222Between Revolutions: The Development of Modern Latin America9
79-223Mexico: From the Aztec Empire to the Drug War9
79-224Mayan America9
79-227Modern Africa: The Slave Trade to the End of Apartheid9
79-229Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1880-19489
79-230Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 19489
79-233The United States and the Middle East since 19459
79-25620th Century Germany9
79-257Germany and the Second World War9
79-259France During World War II9
79-262Modern China: From the Birth of Mao ... to Now9
79-264Tibet and China: History and Propaganda6
79-265Russian History: From the First to the Last Tsar9
79-266Russian History: From Communism to Capitalism9
79-267The Soviet Union in World War II: Military, Political, and Social History9
79-275Introduction to Global Studies9
79-288Bananas, Baseball, and Borders: Latin America and the United States9
79-291Globalization in East African History6
79-307Religion and Politics in the Middle East9
79-313"Unwanted": Refugees, Asylum Seekers, and Patterns of Global Migration6
79-314The Politics and Culture of Memory9
79-318Sustainable Social Change: History and Practice9
79-320Women, Politics, and Protest9
79-338History of Education in America9
79-342Introduction to Science and Technology Studies9
79-343Education, Democracy, and Civil Rights9
79-377Food, Culture, and Power: A History of Eating9
79-381Energy and Empire: How Fossil Fuels Changed the World9
79-385Out of Africa: The Making of the African Diaspora9
79-398Documenting the 1967 Arab-Israeli War9
85-375Crosscultural Psychology9
300 or 400 level language class

Minor in Politics and Public Policy

Kiron K. Skinner, Faculty Director; kskinner@andrew.cmu.edu, Porter Hall 223E
Emily Half, Deputy Director; ehalf@andrew.cmu.edu, Baker Hall A55B, 412-268-7082
www.cmu.edu/ips

Rooted in the discipline of political science, the minor in Politics and Public Policy investigates U.S. public policy issues and other matters of domestic politics while providing students hands-on and practical learning experiences.  Students pursuing the Politics and Public Policy minor must participate in the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program for one semester during their undergraduate experience.

From embassy headquarters to nongovernmental organizations, think tanks to advocacy organizations, and consulting firms to media outlets, Washington, DC, is a focal point for many international and public policy activities. Open to all Carnegie Mellon undergraduates, the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program (CMU/WSP) allows students to study public policy and intern in Washington for one semester. Undergraduates from any course of study who would value firsthand policy experience are invited to apply to the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program and declare a minor in Politics and Public Policy. 

In this semester-long program, students live, work, and study in Washington, DC, coming into direct contact with political, business, and community leaders and learning about the most pressing policy issues of the day. 

Students earn 48 units for the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program, interning three days per week in any sector or field of interest within Washington, DC, while taking classes taught by Carnegie Mellon faculty.  The Institute for Politics and Strategy sponsors events and policy-oriented opportunities in Washington for students participating in the program to further enrich their experience and enhance their understanding of how Washington functions as a hub of international and public policy decision making. 

The minor in Politics and Public Policy is offered through the Institute for Politics and Strategy. A maximum of two courses may double count between the minor in Politics and Public Policy and another major or minor.

Prerequisites
73-102Principles of Microeconomics9
Curriculum57 units

All students must take the following two courses while participating in the CMU/WSP (24 units):

Core Seminars
84-360CMU/WSP Internship Seminar12
84-450Policy Forum6
84-450Policy Forum6

Students must take 24 units from the below list of elective seminars offered in the CMU/WSP. Offerings vary by semester. (24 units):

Elective Seminars
84-330The Shading of Democracy: The Influence of Race on American Politics6
84-331Money, Media, and the Power of Data in Decisionmaking6
84-332Effects of US Policy on Businesses: Perspectives of Asian Americans6
84-333Power and Levers for Change in Washington, DC12
84-334Presidential Power in a Constitutional System6
84-336Implementing Public Policy: From Good Idea To Reality12
84-337Biomedical Science Research, Policy, and Governance6
84-340Making Change: How Organized Interests Work in Washington12
84-343Language and Power: How to Understand and Use Political Speech6
84-346Legal Issues in Public Administration6
84-348Advocacy, Policy and Practice6

Students select one course from the following list of courses offered at Carnegie Mellon University’s Pittsburgh or Qatar campus.  Students may take this course before or after participating in the CMU/WSP. (9 units):

84-104Decision Processes in American Political Institutions9
84-275Comparative Politics9
84-326Theories of International Relations9

Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program

Kiron Skinner, Faculty Director; kskinner@andrew.cmu.edu, Porter Hall 223E
Emily Half, IPS Deputy Director; ehalf@andrew.cmu.edu; 412-268-7082, Baker Hall A55B
Emily Baddock, CMU/WSP Executive Director; ebaddock@andrew.cmu.edu; 202-608-8316, 100 Maryland Ave NE, Suite 510, Washington, DC 20002

http://www.cmu.edu/ips/cmuwsp/index.html

From embassy headquarters to nongovernmental organizations, think tanks to advocacy organizations, and consulting firms to media outlets, Washington, DC, is a focal point for many international and public policy activities.

Undergraduates from any course of study who would value firsthand policy experience are invited to apply to the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program (CMU/WSP), sponsored by the university's Institute for Politics and Strategy.  In this semester-long program, students live, work, and study in Washington, DC, coming into direct contact with political, business, and community leaders and learning about the most pressing policy issues of the day. 

CMU/WSP students earn 48 units for their semester in Washington, interning three days per week in any sector or field of interest within Washington, DC, while taking classes two days per week and in the evenings. Courses are taught by Carnegie Mellon faculty.  The Institute for Politics and Strategy sponsors events and policy-oriented opportunities in Washington for students participating in the program to further enrich their experience and enhance their understanding of how Washington functions as a hub of international and public policy decision making. 

Students should contact the IPS deputy director for more information or to discuss how the CMU/WSP may fit into their curriculum.

Curriculum

All students enroll in the following core seminars (24 units).

Core Seminars
84-360CMU/WSP Internship Seminar12
84-450Policy Forum6
84-450Policy Forum6

Students enroll in 24 units from the below list of elective seminars.  Offerings vary by semester.

Elective Seminars
84-330The Shading of Democracy: The Influence of Race on American Politics6
84-331Money, Media, and the Power of Data in Decisionmaking6
84-332Effects of US Policy on Businesses: Perspectives of Asian Americans6
84-333Power and Levers for Change in Washington, DC12
84-334Presidential Power in a Constitutional System6
84-336Implementing Public Policy: From Good Idea To Reality12
84-337Biomedical Science Research, Policy, and Governance6
84-340Making Change: How Organized Interests Work in Washington12
84-343Language and Power: How to Understand and Use Political Speech6
84-346Legal Issues in Public Administration6
84-348Advocacy, Policy and Practice6

Accelerated Master of Science in International Relations and Politics

The accelerated Master of Science in International Relations and Politics (IRP/AMP) is open only to Carnegie Mellon undergraduate students.  Students should have an undergraduate major, additional major, or minor in International Relations and Politics, they should have participated in the Carnegie Mellon University Washington Semester Program, or they should have special approval from the faculty admissions committee. 

Students interested in applying for the IRP/AMP should consult with the Institute for Politics and Strategy (IPS) Deputy Director in the sophomore or junior year for details and advice on shaping undergraduate coursework to qualify for the program.  Current undergraduates will apply for the IRP/AMP during the junior year. Detailed information on the IRP/AMP curriculum is available on the Institute for Politics and Strategy website

Intellectual Rationale

At the end of the Cold War, there was widespread belief among democratic elites that the end of history finally had arrived.  They predicted that the United States (indeed the West, if not the world) would benefit from the peace dividend resulting from the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the undisputed role of the United States as the world’s predominant power.  But the spread of democracy across Eastern Europe and Latin America as the Cold War ended has been met with highly unanticipated reversals.  Relations among nation-states are in flux.  In the twenty-first century, the United States has been engaged in continuous Middle East and South Asian wars, intense territorial disputes among the great powers (US, China, and Russia) are redefining the international landscape, civil wars routinely spill over into larger regional conflicts, and cyber warfare and terrorism intersect in deadly ways. 

For the generation of students we are now teaching, war has been a constant in their lifetime.  Accordingly, the primary focus of the International Relations and Politics Accelerated Master’s Program (IRP/AMP) is international security.  

Perhaps at no time since the interwar period of the twentieth century has there been so much uncertainty about what path the international system will take and how states will internally organize themselves.  During this current period of uncertainty, transformation, and chaos, there is no denying President Barack Obama’s dictum: The United States is the world’s indispensable nation.  In other words, the United States is the main nation-state actor that helps to organize and enforce norms in the anarchic international system.  It is a system marked by the absence of any authority above states or any commonly agreed-upon authority for the use of force – the opposite of domestic society.  Perforce, understanding domestic political institutions must be a component of the accelerated master’s program. 

It is important to comprehend how the political institutions of other nations function because domestic political processes of all sorts help to shape international relations.  Theorists of international relations no longer contend, as they did a half century ago, that politics stops at the water’s edge.  International security will be the area of concentration in this accelerated master’s program.  Courses in political institutions also will be integral to IRP/AMP because they will enrich students’ scientific understanding of political processes. 

Course Descriptions

Note on Course Numbers

Each Carnegie Mellon course number begins with a two-digit prefix which designates the department offering the course (76-xxx courses are offered by the Department of English, etc.). Although each department maintains its own course numbering practices, typically the first digit after the prefix indicates the class level: xx-1xx courses are freshmen-level, xx-2xx courses are sophomore level, etc. xx-6xx courses may be either undergraduate senior-level or graduate-level, depending on the department. xx-7xx courses and higher are graduate-level. Please consult the Schedule of Classes each semester for course offerings and for any necessary pre-requisites or co-requisites.

84-104 Decision Processes in American Political Institutions
Fall: 9 units
This is an interdisciplinary introduction to the study of politics and government in the United States. It familiarizes the student with the basic structures and processes of American government, but moves beyond the purely descriptive into the realm of the analytical. The main theoretical tools are spatial models of political decision-making, and models of collective action problems. The position taken in this course is that understanding American philosophical ideas about authority, power, and freedom is as central to demystifying the U.S. form of democracy as is understanding how decision-making institutions function. Thus, on one side, this course looks at how American political thought is infused into political institutions and society. On the other side, it investigates institutional arrangements using rationalistic theories. In addition, scientific writings at the intersection of psychology and economics are used to probe the possibility of gaining explanatory leverage on U.S. politics from the perspective of behavioral decision-making theories.
84-198 Research Training: Institute for Politics and Strategy
Fall and Spring
This course is part of a set of 100-level courses offered by Dietrich College departments as independent studies for second-semester freshmen, and first- or second-semester sophomores, in the College. In general, these courses are designed to give students some real research experience through work on a faculty project or lab in ways that might stimulate and nurture subsequent interest in research participation. Faculty and students devise a personal and regularized meeting and task schedule. Each Research Training course is worth 9 units, which generally means a minimum for students of about 9 work-hours per week. These courses are offered only as electives; i.e., they cannot be applied toward a college or major requirement, although the units do count toward graduation as elective units. Additional details (including a roster and descriptions of Research Training Courses available in any given semester) are available in the Academic Advisory Center. Prerequisites/ restrictions: for Dietrich College students only; only for second-semester freshmen, or first- or second-semester sophomores; minimum cumulative QPA of 3.0 (at the time of registration) required for approved entry; additional prerequisites (e.g., language proficiency) may arise out of the particular demands of the research project in question.
84-250 Writing for Political Science and Policy
Spring: 9 units
The aim of this course is to equip students with the essential skills necessary to successfully write academic research papers and theses in political science, and professional documents such as policy memos, op-eds, political speeches, briefs, and PowerPoint slides. Students thus learn fundamentals of writing for political science and public policy. Key topics include principles of rhetoric, evidence-based argumentation, citation, concision, and framing. Students also learn how to cite properly using citation management software EndNote and construct powerful tables and figures using quantitative datasets. This is a writing-intensive course in which students practice writing, edit peers' writing, read about how to write, and analyze examples of stellar writing. A final project entails writing a draft senior thesis proposal.
84-265 Political Science Research Methods
Spring: 9 units
This course provides an overview of research methods in political science. Students will learn to think like social scientists and develop skills required by the discipline. The course emphasizes the nature of causality and how causal claims can be made in the social sciences. The goal for the class is for students think critically about the strengths and weaknesses of various methodological approaches and identify the methodological tools that are most appropriate for answering different research questions. Furthermore, students will increase their ability to consume political science research from a variety of subfields while also learning to design and present their own research.
Prerequisites: 36-200 or 36-201 or 36-207 or 70-207 or 36-247 or 36-220
84-275 Comparative Politics
Spring: 9 units
This course is an introduction to the subfield of Political Science called Comparative Politics. Scholars in this subfield - comparativists - use comparative methods to study the political systems of countries around the world, trying to understand how they differ and why. In this course, we aim to learn about how political systems differ, discuss alternative explanations of why they differ and explore the different observed outcomes of political variations. To do so, in the first part of the course we will examine the core concepts and main theories of the subfield. In the second part, we will examine some of the main themes studied in Comparative Politics, such as the differences between democracy and non-democracies, presidentialism versus parliamentarism, developed countries versus developing countries, types of electoral rules, party systems, social cleavages and political cultures. The discussion will focus mainly on the Americas and Europe, but not exclusively. Students will be required to apply the comparative methods discussed in the course to explore the history, political systems, and current events of different countries.
84-309 Political Behavior
Intermittent: 9 units
The goal of this course is to understand how citizens engage with and influence the political system. This course is devoted to the study of how people behave when interacting with other citizens, politicians, and political institutions. We will primarily focus on the behavior of non-elite political actors using examples from the United States, other developed democracies, as well as developing countries. We will address questions such as what influences people to vote or abstain in an election, how people decide between candidates, how trust and cooperation develop within and across ethnic groups, and how citizens respond to political violence and terrorism. The course will integrate game theoretical perspectives with insights from psychology to help students gain a deeper understanding of the interplay between citizens' political goals and the political system in which they operate.
84-310 International Political Economy
Fall: 9 units
This course explores how political institutions, process, and actors influence economic interactions both domestically and internationally. During the semester, we will address two key questions: 1) how do governments collaborate to regulate, and stabilize, the trans-boundary flow of capital, goods, and services?; 2) what are the distributional effects of the current world economic order? In exploring these question from diverse theoretical lenses, we will discuss topics ranging from monetary and exchange rate policies, intentional trade, and global integration of production to the role of multinational corporations, social movements and civil society organizations, as well as institutions for corporate social responsibility, in the global economy. By the end of the course, students will be prepared to compare and contrast the theoretical propositions, and policy recommendations, of rival schools of thought.
Prerequisites: 73-102 or 88-220 or 73-100 or 12-421
84-311 International Development: Theory and Praxis
Fall: 9 units
What is the difference between a developed country and one that is developing? How did some countries achieve a state of development, while others remain mired in underdevelopment? What is the best solution for assisting people living in developing countries? This course will explore these key questions and many more related to theoretical foundations and daily applications of international development. Because development theory and praxis are interdisciplinary in nature, this course will take a similar approach and draws upon readings from political science, economics, history, and sociology. We will also examine the various intersections of development, gender, indigeneity, race, class, and citizenship, as they are manifest in contemporary development approaches.
84-312 Gender and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
Intermittent: 6 units
The purpose of this course is to continue a discussion on the debates, structures, and agents that inform international development in Africa but through the varied perspectives and experiences of African women. Their perspectives offer critical interventions into development discourses and practices traditionally viewed through masculine and Western lenses. In studying development from the African woman's perspective, one is better able to engage both the successes and failures of this formal process we call "development" in Africa. By examining African women and their relationship to this process, we will also see the alternative frames of feminisms and knowledges that emerge from these realities. The core questions driving this course are: (i) what are the various development ideologies and processes that have shaped contemporary Africa? (ii) How have African women adopted, rejected, and/or creolized these ideologies and processes for the purposes of changing their cultural, political, and economic conditions? The course readings come predominantly from African women, although there are texts from non-African women and men that generally serve to highlight the larger discourses taking place around a particular topic.
84-313 International Organizations and Law
Spring: 9 units
This course will take a comprehensive view on the role and function of both international organizations (IOs) and international law (IL) in world politics, and will examine its implications for both international political economy as well as security studies. It will begin with a review of classical theoretical debates regarding the function of these institutions. Do these institutions have any exogenous impact on world affairs? Do IOs meaningfully impact international cooperation? Further, it will engage with headline contemporary issues: can a non-binding international treaty such as the Paris Climate Accord meaningfully influence international climate goals? The course thus critically examines whether these institutions are effective and, if so, under what plausible conditions. It will examine a broad range of global institutions and will examine international security elements, such as how IOs and IL influence the conduct of war, human rights and civil conflict outcomes. But it will also engage with important themes in political economy, such as how institutions like the IMF relate to development or financial stability; compliance under the WTO; and whether international treaties influence international investments patterns.
84-315 Contemporary Debates in Human Rights
Spring: 9 units
What are human rights? Are human rights universal or provincial? This class will survey the origins, debates, and application of human rights around the world. As a class, we will explore the history of the term and the evolution of human rights as a set of formal and informal institutions derived from the global aspirations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the quotidian interactions between the powerful and ostensibly powerless. By the end of this course, you should come away with both a renewed and wavering belief in the idea of human rights.
84-318 Politics of Developing Nations
Fall: 9 units
Be it on our feet, in our grocery bags or in the news, our daily lives connect us to people in the developing world. Despite such an intricate relationship, we tend to know very little about developing nations and their challenges beyond a common stereotype of poverty. What are developing nations? What is their place in the world? What challenges do those nations and their populations face? In this class, we will strive to answer those questions through readings of political science and political economy scholarship and in-class activities and discussions. We will explore the socio-economic and political issues that developing nations face and take special care to practice perspective taking (i.e. we will put ourselves in specific nations' shoes and consider situations from their point of view). We will adopt various lenses (e.g. post colonialism, liberalism, feminism) throughout the semester to inform our understanding of the various positions taken by global actors. By addressing the unequal power balance between developed and developing nations as well as among developing nations, we will enrich our world view and understanding of major global issues, such as development. We will practice those skills in class through discussions and activities (you should expect very little lecturing) and outside of class through guided readings. Your learning in the course will be assessed through various writing assignments (take home exams, a final paper, weekly responses) where you will practice composing arguments based on evidence.
84-319 U.S. Foreign Policy and Interventions in World Affairs
Spring: 9 units
This course will discuss the various ways in which the United States, like other countries around the world, tries to influence developments within other states by intervening in their domestic affairs. Interventions of various kinds, utilizing numerous tools, are frequently undertaken by the United States with major effects on the intervened country and subsequent U.S. foreign policy. The goal of this course is to provide a better understanding of such interventions in general and a more complete picture of this frequently neglected aspect of American foreign policy in particular. Accordingly this course will focus on explaining, among other things, why interventions of various types are done, their effectiveness in achieving their goals and their effects on the target and (occasionally) on the U.S.. It will also discuss in depth various historical cases of American interventions ranging from the early 20th century to the present, widening the depth and breadth of student knowledge on American foreign policy. The course will cover both military and non-military forms of interventions including (for example): Military interventions in civil wars, FIRCs/regime change operations (both the overt and covert types), humanitarian interventions, partisan electoral interventions, economic sanctions, external help in state-building, and drone warfare.
84-320 Domestic Politics and International Affairs
Intermittent: 9 units
This course will provide students with a broad overview of the literature which investigates the effects of political institutions, or, more specifically, the inclusiveness of political institutions, on both domestic and foreign policies. Domestic political institutions influence policies through shaping policymakers' incentives, and, in turn, outcomes of domestic and international affairs influence the political survival of policymakers and even of political institutions. With this in mind, our main objective is to develop students' ability to critically and logically analyze global patterns of governance, conflict, and cooperation. To this end, students will also be introduced to fundamentals of research design and game theory, an analytical tool to analyze strategic interactions. The substantive questions we will ask include, but not limited to, the following: how does domestic politics constrain or encourage state leaders to go to war, sign trade pacts, and develop economy?; how can citizens incentivize policymakers to achieve desirable policy goals?; how do international affairs affect our lives in the long run?; and do certain foreign policies affect citizens of democracies and non-democracies differently, and if so, why?
84-321 Autocrats and Democrats
Intermittent: 9 units
The international system is populated by countries with many different types of national governments. A common simplification of the many diverse political systems in the world is to divide them into democratic states and non-democratic states or "autocracies." This simplification misses many key differences among autocracies and causes us to overlook key similarities between autocracies and democracies. This course will cover three major areas. First, we will evaluate the strategic incentives faced by all leaders and discuss how these incentives differ by regime type. Second, we will discuss how leader responses to these incentives shape policy outcomes such as economic growth. Third, we will examine the factors that promote transitions from one regime type to another. Throughout the course, students will be asked to re-consider much of what they've thought about both democratic and non-democratic leaders. Class assignments will ask students to critically examine existing theories of political organization and apply their knowledge to real world cases, both historical and contemporary.
84-322 Nonviolent Conflict and Revolution
Spring: 9 units
Conflict and revolution are usually associated with armed struggle and violence. But over the course of the last century, nonviolent conflict has become an increasingly prominent source of institutional change and political revolution around the world, from Gandhi's salt march to Filipino "people power" to the post-Soviet "color revolutions" to the Arab Spring. What are the causes, strategies, tactics, dynamics, and consequences of nonviolent conflict, and how do these differ from violent or armed conflict? When and how do unarmed "people power" campaigns topple repressive authoritarian regimes? This course addresses these questions and in the process engages contending theories of power, revolution, and insurgency. The first half of the course introduces students to key concepts, theories, and historical patterns of nonviolent conflict. In the second half of the course, the class analyzes case studies of landmark nonviolent campaigns, both successful and failed. By the end, students will be expected to write an original 10 page analysis of a particular historical nonviolent conflict, or an intelligence estimate that assesses the prospects for the onset or outcome of nonviolent conflict in a contemporary country.
84-323 War and Peace
Intermittent: 9 units
This course explores the conditions that lead to the initiation, escalation, spread, and termination of international conflict as well as the circumstances that promote, preserve, or restore peace. We will explore topics such as balance of power, uncertainty, commitment problems, alliances, arms races, appeasement, and the democratic peace. In addition, we will discuss theories and cases of international mediation and peacekeeping, and evaluate their effectiveness. We will also address the role of the US in promoting international peace. The course emphasizes the application of simple game theoretic models of rational action as tools for assessing relations between nations, coupled with statistical and historical analysis of classes of events. No mathematics beyond high school math is needed for this course.
84-324 Democracies and War
Intermittent: 9 units
Updated description: This course will explore the role of domestic politics in international conflict and examine the effect of regime type on warfare. In particular, the course will focus on the Democratic Peace and why democracies tend to win the wars they enter. We will discuss a variety of explanations for the Democratic Peace, that is, the tendency of democratic states to avoid war with each other. We will also discuss whether democratic states select wars more carefully, the incentives of democratic leaders when engaging in war, and whether domestic democratic structures provide states with war-fighting advantages with respect to military organization and soldier initiative. Not open to students who have taken the Freshman Seminar: Democracies and War 84-124.
84-325 Contemporary American Foreign Policy
Spring: 9 units
This course provides a survey of American foreign policy since World War I. We will cover topics such as America's entry into the Great War, the League of Nations and America's role in global self-determination movements, the perennial battles between isolationism and internationalism, the creation of a US-led world order after 1945, Cold War nuclear strategy and nuclear nonproliferation, the modern domestic politics of foreign policy, the international dimensions of the civil rights movement, US covert action, the challenges of managing unipolarity, and contemporary issues of climate change, humanitarian intervention, terrorism, and international economic policy. This is an interdisciplinary course that marries American, Diplomatic and Military History with International Relations and Political Science. We will make ample use of primary sources and some data analysis. A good grasp of 20th century American and world history, and some familiarity with IR theory are not requirements but will prove helpful. By the end of the semester, students should have acquired a broad understanding of the most important foreign policy events of the last century and have the basic tools to analyze foreign policy decision-making.
84-326 Theories of International Relations
Fall: 9 units
This course focuses on teaching the main approaches for the study of international relations. Although you will learn about some current international issues and about the evolution of international relations, and see how various theories would explain important past international events, the focus of this course is analytic rather than substantive. In other words, it will focus on general arguments and their underlying logic rather than on specific events and details or, for that matter, definitive answers as to 'which side is right'. As such, this course will help you to better understand the world we live in and provide you with tools for analyzing various international events. It will also acquaint you with many of the frameworks frequently used by statesmen, either implicitly or explicitly, in order to understand the world and to make policy on various issue areas. The course will begin by analyzing approaches from the three main levels of analysis: the individual, domestic (liberal and non-liberal theories) and systemic (neorealism, etc.). It will move on to discuss approaches which focus on, for example, the effects of strategic interactions between states, of international institutions and of norms and of the overall 'social environment' that states live in. The course will then conclude by discussing the future of international relations.
84-330 The Shading of Democracy: The Influence of Race on American Politics
Intermittent: 6 units
This course will explore intersections of race, political influence and the shaping of America's democracy. Discourse will focus on racial and ethnicity-related policies, practices and processes designed to influence democratic outcomes. Students will examine complex, and often pivotal occurrences that have transformed the political landscape through the works of Richard Rorty, Achieving Our Country: Leftist Thought in Twentieth-Century America; Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness; and, Steve Phillips, Brown Is the New White: How the Demographic Revolution Has Created a New American Majority. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-331 Money, Media, and the Power of Data in Decisionmaking
Intermittent: 6 units
This course focuses on the impact of three critical influences on policy and decisionmaking in Washington D.C.: money, in the form of political campaign dollars in particular; media, from national to local; and data that can define the policy problem and solution. The course will dive into each topic through a series of case studies of policies whose successful adoption and implementation hinged upon money, media or data. Students will come away from the course with the background and context to critically consider tough questions about the right role of these powerful influences on national policy. (Is the media "broken?" ; What is the prospect for moderating the impact of money on policy? ; Is the influence of data and facts on the wane in a hyper partisan political context?)THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-332 Effects of US Policy on Businesses: Perspectives of Asian Americans
Intermittent: 6 units
This course explores the effects of policy, advocacy, and government on the U.S. business sector, specifically from the perspective of Americans of Asian heritage and various kinds of business entities (corporations, start-ups, small business, etc.). Each student or small group of students will be assigned a particular kind of business entity and a designated Asian heritage, and the class would work through select policies, exploring how they affect the different enterprises and Asian Americans. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-333 Power and Levers for Change in Washington, DC
Intermittent: 12 units
Political and policy change often appears to sweep in at the direction of high-profile, centralized decision makers. The path to change is in truth a longer tale, driven by a diversity of actors and influencers. This course aims to more fully map out the diversity of levers that drive change in federal policymaking and implementation, examining key influences such as Congress, money, media, social movements, rhetoric and data. The course aims to give students a fuller picture of how their own particular strengths and interests are valuable to creating change, through seminar dialogue, guest speakers, and reflections on students' internship organizational structures. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-334 Presidential Power in a Constitutional System
Intermittent: 6 units
The United States Constitution vests the executive power in a president who is sworn to faithfully execute the laws and to defend the Constitution. What this means was disputed in the Pacificus-Helvidius debate in 1793, and continues to be debated in our present circumstances. This course will examine how the constitutional framework and political forces shape presidential behavior, and how they are affected by it. Special attention will be given to executive orders, signing statements, appointments and removals, and other means presidents use to accomplish their goals in a system of separated powers and a large administrative bureaucracy. Class visitors will include individuals who have written orders, shepherded nominations through Congress, argued for or against presidential actions in federal courts, worked on presidential transition teams, covered the presidency for the press, and more. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-336 Implementing Public Policy: From Good Idea To Reality
Spring: 12 units
Good public policy doesn't just "happen." Rather, successful policy is the result of thorough research, careful drafting, and successful navigation within the government or non-government organization whose leadership may ultimately promulgate it. The course begins with a brief review of government and organizational behavior in a bureaucracy, and the identification of a federal agency's current policy system as a framework to which we will turn throughout the term. Study then turns to an overview of legal research skills. Though usually the province of law students and attorneys, such skills will enable students to know when policy may be crafted "from scratch" — or where, when, and how policy must conform to larger governing legal or regulatory structures. Students will then consider a particular sub-specie of public policy, administrative law, which addresses the special circumstance of regulatory agencies and the statutory regimes that create and govern them. The course culminates with students developing and "staffing" a notional policy, modeled on the federal agency policy system studied throughout the term. This course may benefit a range of audiences: students considering government and related policy careers; future business leaders who must set standards for business practices, employee behavior, or operations within the confines of governmental regulations; prospective paralegals and attorneys; or anyone interested in exploring "what the rules are" and why. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-337 Biomedical Science Research, Policy, and Governance
Intermittent: 6 units
This course is designed for those with science backgrounds or an interest in science to explore how the biomedical sciences intersect with policy and governance on a national and international scale. Biomedical research, in addition to contributing fundamental scientific knowledge, can lead to improvements in health, reduced illness, and have the secondary impact of job creation and other economic benefits. The course will explore how the US funds biomedical science, how Congress and government agencies implement science policies, and the policy implications of new scientific fields using biomedical research topics such as emerging infectious disease, genomics, stem cell research, etc. By the end of the course, the students will be able to understand the process of policy implementation in the US government and consider the effects of policy on biomedical science. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-340 Making Change: How Organized Interests Work in Washington
Fall: 12 units
American politics has many elements and founding principles. Among them is the right of individuals- alone or in groups- to assemble and petition the government in pursuit of their interests and beliefs. This class will highlight the intersection between pressure groups, politics, and policy in Washington, DC. More specifically -based in the political science and other academic literature- the class will examine how organized interests engage and try to influence elected and public officials as they make decisions and take actions related to the nation's political and policy agenda. The class will also interact with Washington-based advocacy and lobbying organizations to see how those ideas are applied in real life scenarios. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-343 Language and Power: How to Understand and Use Political Speech
Intermittent: 6 units
Political writing is a subspecies of language with several manifestations. There is an art to the op-ed and to the editorial, to the polemical essay and to the review. Within government, there are skills particular to writing speeches and ghosting essays, preparing Congressional testimony and Federal commission reports, and to drafting policy memoranda. There are even special forms and qualities of expression for hosting award and memorial ceremonies, and for writing thank-you notes, toasts, and letters of condolence. This course is designed to teach an appreciation for the range and nature of political writing and speech in both its public and governmental forms. It also introduces students to the fundamental skills required to do effective political writing. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-346 Legal Issues in Public Administration
Intermittent: 6 units
Part I of the course will focus on legal issues in public administration and cover the relationship between the government and its employees, including the role of labor unions and collective bargaining in the federal sector. Part II will cover official immunity for government officials, "equal protection of the law" and substantive due process. Part III will cover separation of powers, federalism and judicial review of agency action. Reading assignments will include short excerpts from relevant books/periodicals. Students will also be asked to read court opinions. Although these opinions may be filled with legal jargon, at their essence, most concern the tension between individual rights and government efficiency and control. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-348 Advocacy, Policy and Practice
Intermittent: 6 units
This course examines the role that advocacy and advocacy organizations play at all stages of the policymaking and implementation process, from grassroots to professional advocacy organizations, public facing communications initiatives to internal policy-focused actions. Part of the course will focus on the history of advocacy in policy making, and case studies will be used to explore the players, outcomes, and influences of advocates when designing and implementing policy. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-360 CMU/WSP Internship Seminar
Fall and Spring: 12 units
The internship is the experiential "core" of the Washington Semester Program. Students intern three days per week, for approximately 24-25 hours, in offices from Capitol Hill to the White House and including opportunities in cabinet agencies, nonprofit institutions, museums, advocacy groups, policy think tanks, cultural institutions, and news organizations. Through the internship, students gain professional experience and make long-lasting professional and personal contacts. In addition, students meet once a week with the CMU internship faculty for a 2-hour seminar to report and reflect on their internship experiences, and address pressing current issues from the perspective of their internship organization. In addition, the weekly seminar typically includes 1-2 CMU alumni from the Washington, DC, area. Their personal and professional experiences become part of the seminar conversation, and they make themselves available to students as ongoing sources of information and advice. THIS COURSE IS RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM (CMU/WSP) ONLY.
84-362 Diplomacy and Statecraft
Fall: 9 units
Diplomacy and statecraft are the driving forces behind foreign policy and international politics. In the first half of the course, the class surveys the evolution of great power politics from the Peace of Westphalia to the Global War on Terror and examines the history and practice of different types of statecraft, including military statecraft (e.g. deterrence and coercive diplomacy), diplomacy (e.g. crisis management and democracy promotion), and economic statecraft (e.g. trade, foreign aid, financial bailouts, and exchange rate policy). In the second half of the course, the class surveys contemporary diplomatic challenges, including challenges posed by human trafficking, global climate change, nuclear proliferation, and major powers such as Russia and China. Both in the classroom and in writing, students are encouraged to think, act, and write like diplomats and to appreciate diplomacy as a vocation. Throughout the course, students build skills in foreign policy memo writing, participate in various diplomatic role-playing simulations, and connect diplomatic trend lines with today's international headlines.
84-363 Comparative Legal Systems
Spring: 9 units
This course carries out a comparative study of the nature of courts and law, their position in political systems and the role of judges as political actors, and the potential of legal political institutions to impact society. The course is very theoretical and is organized around key themes and concepts, rather than historical detail on countries. We will examine the political and regime logic behind the origin of judicial power, competing theories about judicial decision making, the meaning and significance of judicial independence, and the potential effectiveness of courts as tools for social and political change.
84-366 Presidential Politics: So, You Want to Be President of the United States
Intermittent: 9 units
The person elected president of the United States immediately assumes many roles. These include, but are not limited to, the following: head of government, head of state, and chief operating officer of the federal bureaucracy. The newly elected president also must find a way to work toward major policy goals with a generally contentious Congress, regardless of whether there is divided government. Legislative-executive relations have an impact on the judiciary. Senate confirmation of the president's Supreme Court nominees is one vivid example. As the only nationally elected official in the US, the president also has a bully pulpit- the unique opportunity among all government officials to engage with the American public. Using analytical perspectives and theories from the discipline of political science, this course takes a close look at the US presidency. It investigates what it takes to get elected and what the president does that is distinct among all government officials, domestic and international. It also examines the relationship between the president and US society. At the end of the semester, students will have a deep understanding of the US presidency and will be ready for further study of the office and US government. Those who seek to be president will have been forewarned.
84-369 Decision Science for International Relations
Fall: 9 units
Decision Science looks at choices from three interrelated perspectives: analysis, characterizing decision makers' options, in terms of expected effects on outcomes that they value; description, characterizing decision makers' beliefs and preferences; and interventions, helping decision makers to choose among the options available to them or create better ones. The course integrates foundational research in Decision Science with applications to international relations and politics.
Prerequisites: 36-200 or 36-201
84-370 Global Nuclear Politics
Fall: 9 units
The taming of the atom is one of the defining features of the modern era. The awesome creative and destructive potential of nuclear energy has had enormous impact on great power politics, the environment, economic development, and international institutions. Limiting the risk of nuclear Armageddon is one of the dominant challenges in US foreign policy and global governance alike. In this course, we will study 1) why and how countries pursue nuclear weapons and what happens when they acquire them; 2) the national policies and international regimes that have been devised to curb their spread and use, while allowing for the diffusion of energy technology, 3) the national and transnational civil society movements that have fought to roll back the nuclear age or limit its harmful effects, and 4) the role of private actors such as scientists and corporations.
84-372 Space and National Security
Spring: 9 units
Space systems contribute a great deal to America's security, prosperity, and quality of life. This course examines how space-based services provide critical support to military and intelligence operations and contribute to national security more broadly. The course is designed to investigate several interrelated themes, weaving together relevant aspects of technology, strategy, and policy. The material is approached from both functional and historical perspectives, beginning with the basics of military and intelligence space operations and ending with an examination of the space- and cyber-related technical, strategic, and political challenges facing the nation today and in the foreseeable future.
84-380 Grand Strategy in the United States
Fall: 9 units
This course introduces students to the concept of grand strategy in the United States, broadly defined as the combination of diplomatic, economic, military, and political factors used by American presidents and their administrations to advance U.S. interests throughout the world. In the context of highly interdependent domestic and international politics, leaders must develop strategies that address a diverse range of internal, state, and non-state challenges while also dealing with the myriad challenges resulting from globalization, or the intersection of international politics, culture, markets, and technology. This course will review American diplomatic history over the ages, with a focus on both Cold War and post- Cold War American presidencies and their respective approaches to defending American national security whilst also playing a role as one of the world's leading powers. The course will conclude with an assessment of American grand strategy over the course of the past decade and how the United States manages relations with rising powers like China, revanchist states like Russia, and host of near-peer and other adversaries, including Iran and North Korea.
84-386 The Privatization of Force
Fall: 9 units
This course considers different forms of privatized force and security over time and across various strategic contexts, from historical mercenarism up to modern-day private military and security contractors. While going through the historical and modern material chronologically, the course considers the various issues that arise with each form of privatized force, including questions that arise regarding the state's monopoly on violence, legal and humanitarian issues, and civil-military relations. These range from theoretical concerns regarding modern definitions of the state, to practical operational-level concerns pertaining to field coordination issues between the military and private contractors in modern conflicts.
84-387 Technology and Policy of Cyber War
Spring: 9 units
This course examines underlying and emerging technologies and policies associated with cyber war and cyber threats. The technological concepts reviewed in this course include but are not limited to the internet, networks and sensors, and trends associated with "hyperconnectivity" (e.g., The Internet of Things). The course will review history, international policy, military doctrine, and lessons learned from the use of cyber operations and cyberspace in conflicts. The principle objective of this course is to introduce students to the technological and policy variables that affect the ability to manage cyber conflicts.
84-388 Concepts of War and Cyber War
Fall: 6 units
This course examines traditional theories, concepts, and practices in international relations and warfare- conventional, unconventional, and modern- and relates them to the emerging dynamics of cyber war. The principle concepts examined in this course reflect, have shaped, and continue to shape state and non-state actor behaviors and their calculations of how to prepare for and prosecute warfare. These include, among others, conventional and nuclear deterrence, offense-defense dynamics, first strike capabilities, and irregular warfare. The course will focus on theory but will leverage history, military doctrine, and cases to highlight the challenges of integrating cyber war into defense planning and practice. Students will be challenged to consider how the 2009 introduction of cyberspace as a warfighting domain- in addition to land, maritime, air, and space- affects the ways that scholars and practitioners- operating with force structures and strategic, operational, and tactical concepts that are decades, if not centuries old- conceive of and practice warfare in the 21st Century. The principle objective of this course is to introduce students to cyber war within the context of traditional, and emerging, concepts of armed and unarmed warfare. This course will focus on two core areas: 1) a discussion of traditional concepts of warfare in the physical domains; and, 2) a discussion of cyber war and its intersection with these traditional concepts.
84-389 Terrorism and Insurgency
Spring: 9 units
There are many forms of political violence but not all are created equal. Some, like terrorism, are a tactic while others, like insurgency, are a strategy. How important is it to define terrorism and insurgency? What are the differences and similarities between them? This course will go into depth to analyze both terrorism and insurgency and their various manifestations. The course will provide a historical overview of how terrorism and insurgency have evolved over time, while also focusing on groups, methods, ideologies and organizational structures. Is the terrorism conducted by Salafist groups like Al-Qaida and the Islamic State significantly different than that perpetrated by ethno-nationalist groups like the Provisional Irish Republican Army and Tamil Tigers? What are the best methods to counter-terrorism and how successful have states been- both historically and more recently- at combating the threat posed by terrorism and insurgency?
84-390 Social Media, Technology, and Conflict
Spring: 9 units
This course will examine the role that social media and technology have had on conflict and governance over the past decade. Interconnectedness has expanded dramatically and continues to expand, not only within coastal cities but also between them and their hinterlands, from city to city, and between home populations and global networks, including diaspora populations. The Arab Spring uprisings were significantly influenced by the use of cell phones, social media, and text-messaging as organizing tools. But it is not only protesters that are harnessing the power of social media and emerging technologies- insurgent groups like the Islamic State have been able to use Twitter, YouTube, Telegram and other social media platforms to their advantage. Apps have been used to both recruit and fund raise for terrorist groups, while individuals living on the other side of the world are radicalized by virulent ideologies spread through the Internet. The proliferation of so-called "fake news" and the ubiquity of social media has introduced an entirely new variable into the study of conflict and relations between individuals, small groups, non-state actors, and nation-states.
84-393 Legislative Decision Making: US Congress
Spring: 6 units
This course analyzes decision-making by the United States Congress. The course examines legislative behavior by focusing on the way Congress is organized (institutional and constitutional structure) and the ways legislators, voters, and various other parties interact (strategic constraints). Students will both learn the legislative process and explore the influence of norms, rules, expectations, incentives and, perhaps most important of all, the power of the electorate in influencing legislative outcomes and policy. Elections, voting decisions, committee assignments, political party power, and intra-branch relations across the Federal government are some of the topics into which we will delve. This course does not require any prior knowledge of the U.S. Congress, and there are no prerequisites for the course.
84-402 Judicial Politics and Behavior
Intermittent: 9 units
This course is a survey of research and insight into one of the most unique American government institutions: the judiciary. Rather than exclusively reading case law (as one would do in a Constitutional Law class), this course examines court structure, rules of law and, most importantly, judges as actors within an institutional setting. We will focus on how rules, norms, and expectations guide the decisions, actions, and range of options available to judges. Here we will study the nature of judicial decision-making and its antecedents, the organization of the judicial branch and its implications for behavior, and the strategic interactions both within courts and between the courts and the more "political" branches of government. The course will look at state and federal courts within the United States, supplemented with examples from international jurisdictions. Material from law, history, economics, political science, sociology, and psychology will be introduced throughout the semester. Although some of the literature uses empirical and/or game theoretical models, students are not expected to have mastered these tools prior to taking the course.
84-405 The Future of Warfare
Fall: 9 units
Warfare is constantly evolving. Long gone are the days of set-piece battles involving conventional military forces. In the contemporary conflict environment, hybrid actors and proxy groups wage war in an asymmetric and irregular manner, relying on ambiguity, strategic surprise and deception to accomplish their objectives. This course will examine new trends in warfare, from the onset of cyber war to the development of violent non-state actors with conventional military capabilities. Moreover, this course will explore the concept of the "gray zone," an area of neither declared nor undeclared hostilities where U.S. adversaries like Russia, China, Iran and others are gradually allocating resources. Case studies examined in this course will include Russian hybrid warfare in Crimea and Ukraine, Chinese cyberwarfare and information operations, Iranian sponsorship of proxy militias in Syria and Lebanon and a range of other emerging trends in areas such as technology, demographics, urbanization and social media, all of which are combining to radically alter the way wars are fought today.
84-414 International and Subnational Security
Intermittent: 9 units
Why do states fight wars? Why do some wars last for years while others end in days? How is it possible that powerful states may lose wars to under-resourced non-state actors? Why are some peace settlements stable, while other ceasefires crumble precipitously? Why do some states get challenged by subnational groups? By surveying the most recent quantitative research in political science, this course explores various security challenges that contemporary states face at the international level and in the intrastate political environment. We will focus in depth on the bargaining explanations for war, democratic/regime similarity/capitalist peace, deterrence, interdependence through trade, cooperation through international organizations, and civil wars. The goal of this course is to demonstrate how theoretical and empirical approaches in social sciences can be used to answer questions about war and peace. Students will acquire training in graphical literacy as well.
84-450 Policy Forum
Fall and Spring: 6 units
The Policy Forum course takes a critical look at decision making in domestic politics and US foreign policy. It does so through weekly roundtable discussions with a diverse set of thought leaders. Based on intellectually significant essays that students are expected to read in advance of each class, these discussions give students an opportunity to ask probing questions about the three branches of the US government, media, embassies, advocacy groups, international organizations, and nongovernmental organizations. This course seeks to help students understand the responsibilities and activities that leaders and decision makers carry out on behalf of their organizations. Students are instructed in how to confidently and respectfully ask critical questions of those shaping policy. The term "roundtabling" is used to describe submitting an issue for critical discussion among relevant stakeholders. Knowing how to direct a roundtable is a significant element in the professional development of anyone interested in taking part in the policy arena, and this course helps students hone this important skill. In requiring students to read important essays related to each class session and then step back from discussions with leaders to write analytical essays, this course teaches students how to develop strong arguments based on solid logic and credible evidence, an essential component in making democracy work.
84-498 Undergraduate Research
Fall and Spring
Students conduct research under the supervision of an Institute for Politics and Strategy faculty member. Students who wish to engage in research should seek out a faculty member whose interests are appropriate to the research. Prerequisite: Students must also complete an "Independent Study/Research for Credit" form, available from the Deputy Director or on the IPS website. Permission of a faculty sponsor.
84-499 Independent Study
Fall and Spring
Students conduct independent academic study under the supervision of an Institute for Politics and Strategy faculty member. Students who wish to engage in an independent study should seek out a faculty member whose interests are appropriate to the topic. Students must also complete an "Independent Study/Research for Credit" form, available from the Deputy Director or on the IPS website. Prerequisite: Permission of a faculty sponsor.
84-505 Undergraduate Internship
Fall and Spring
An internship is an approved and monitored work experience than can be related to an academic field of study through active reflection and specific learning goals. Students will be in regular contact with a faculty member in the Institute for Politics and Strategy, who will assign and evaluate academic work. Internships are available for 3, 6, or 9 units, depending on the type and amount of academic work produced. Students are responsible for finding their own internships and faculty sponsors, although assistance is available through the Deputy Director.

Faculty

KIRON K. SKINNER, Taube Professor of International Relations and Politics; Institute Director – Ph.D., Harvard University; Carnegie Mellon, 1999–

COLIN P. CLARKE, Assistant Teaching Professor – Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh; Carnegie Mellon, 2014–

BARUCH FISCHHOFF, Howard Heinz University Professor in the Institute for Politics and Strategy and Department of Engineering and Public Policy – Ph.D., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Carnegie Mellon, 1987–

Executive Committee

KIRON K. SKINNER, Taube Professor of International Relations and Politics; Institute Director – Ph.D., Harvard University; Carnegie Mellon, 1999–

KATHLEEN CARLEY, Professor – Ph.D., Harvard University; Carnegie Mellon, 1984–

BARUCH FISCHHOFF, Howard Heinz University Professor in the Institute for Politics and Strategy and Department of Engineering and Public Policy – Ph.D., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Carnegie Mellon, 1987–

Lecturers

MOLLY DUNIGAN, Lecturing Faculty in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Cornell University; Carnegie Mellon, 2014–

GEOFFREY MCGOVERN, Lecturing Faculty in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Binghamton University., J.D., Harvard University; Carnegie Mellon, 2013–

Fellows

RASHALL BRACKNEY, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Robert Morris University; Carnegie Mellon, 2018–

FRED CRAWFORD, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – J.D., Georgetown University; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–

DALE CROWELL, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – M.A., Catholic University of America; Carnegie Mellon, 2018–

MARCIELA DEGRACE, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Harvard University; Carnegie Mellon, 2018–

JOSEPH E. DEVINE, Associate Dean of Undergraduate Studies; Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon; Carnegie Mellon, 1978–

ADAM GARFINKLE, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania; Carnegie Mellon, 2016–

THOMAS KARAKO, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Claremont Graduate University; Carnegie Mellon, 2015–

MELANIE M. MARLOWE, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – M.A., Claremont Graduate University; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–

KIM SMACZNIAK, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – J.D., Harvard University; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–

SACHIKO TAKAYASU, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – M.B.A., The Ohio State University; Carnegie Mellon, 2018–

BEVERLEY WHEELER, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – D.Ed., Harvard University; Carnegie Mellon, 2012–

JULIE WILSON, Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – J.D., American University; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–

Post-Doctoral Fellows

IGNACIO ARANA, Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh; Carnegie Mellon, 2016–

JOHN J. CHIN, Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Princeton University; Carnegie Mellon, 2016–

DANIEL HANSEN, Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Michigan State University; Carnegie Mellon, 2018–

DANI NEDAL, Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., Georgetown University; Carnegie Mellon, 2018–

DANIEL M. SILVERMAN, Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Institute for Politics and Strategy – Ph.D., The Ohio State University; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–

Adjunct Faculty

SOPHIE LE BLANC – Ph.D., University of Delaware; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–

FORREST E. MORGAN – Ph.D., University of Maryland; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–

ISAAC R. PORCHE III – Ph.D., University of Michigan; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–

CHAD C. SERENA – Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh; Carnegie Mellon, 2016–

SUSAN SOHLER EVERINGHAM – M.A., University of California, Los Angeles; Carnegie Mellon, 2017–