The College of Fine Arts offers minors in Architecture, Art, Design, Drama, and Music to students from other colleges at Carnegie Mellon University. These minors allow students at Carnegie Mellon to take courses and develop a direction for electives in any of the five schools in CFA. Students in the College of Fine Arts may also earn minors outside of their major within other schools in the College. They may also study any of the minors offered by the other colleges to the University at large, thus taking advantage of the broad educational opportunities available at Carnegie Mellon University.

Minors Offered by the College of Fine Arts:

  • Architecture
  • Architectural Design Fabrication (available only to B. Arch candidates)
  • Architectural History (available also to B. Arch candidates)
  • Architectural Representation and Visualization (available also to B. Arch candidates)
  • Architectural Technology
  • Art
  • Building Science (available only to B. Arch candidates)
  • Communication Design
  • Drama
  • History of the Arts
  • Industrial Design
  • Music
  • Music Technology
  • Music Theory
  • Musicology
  • Photography
  • Sound Design

Guidelines for students are: 1) except where so designated, CFA students are not eligible to earn a minor in their own school; students from outside CFA may earn a minor in any school in CFA; 2) faculty advisors in the student's home school (in consultation with the academic officer of the other unit involved) will advise students as to the structuring of the courses in each minor; 3) a minor is not to be considered an overload; rather, through the assistance of faculty advisors it should be integrated into a student's overall units required for graduation; 4) the advisors will also monitor the student's development in these minors and keep records in their files which indicate the fulfillment of the course requirements in the minors, as well as in the majors in the student's own school. Courses listed as possible for the minors may be available, but not all courses are offered every semester. Students should consult with their advisors.

Students interested in earning a minor in any of the CFA schools should contact: Architecture: Heather Workinger; Art: Keni Jefferson; Design: Melissa Cicozi; Drama: Amy Nichols; Music: Sharon Johnston.

Minors under Architecture

Minor in Architecture

This sequence is for candidates who intend to develop intellectual links to the architectural profession. The scope of courses offered includes a full spectrum of professional issues in architecture.

Prerequisite Courses9 units
79-104Global Histories9
or 62-110 Passport to the Arts
Required Courses18–21 units
48-100Architecture Design Studio: Foundation I12
or 48-095 Spatial Concepts for Non-Architects I
48-240Historical Survey of World Architecture and Urbanism I9
Elective Courses*27 units
48-120Digital Media I6
48-121Drawing I6
48-125Digital Media II6
48-126Drawing II6
48-126Drawing II6
48-175Descriptive Geometry9
48-215Materials and Assembly9
48-351Human Factors in Architecture9
48-324Structures/Statics9
48-452Real Estate Design and Development6
48-453Urban Design Methods6
48-383Ethics and Decision Making in Architecture6
48-xxxArchitecture History (Pre-Approval of coursework required)9
48-xxxArchitecture Elective (Pre-Approval of coursework required)9

Minimum Units: 54

*Students should consult the Architecture advisor regarding elective choices.

Minor in Architectural History

(available also to B. Arch Candidates)

This sequence is intended for candidates interested in the history of architecture in its many manifestations, including high style and vernacular buildings, western and non-western traditions, built and theoretical works, and rural to urban contexts.  Non-architecture majors are required to take 54 units of architectural history.  Architecture majors wishing to minor in Architectural History must fulfill the three core required courses in architectural history, plus four additional architectural history electives, for a total of 63 units.  Students wishing to pursue the minor should meet with the Architecture advisor to determine if a course is eligible.   

Required Courses18 units
48-240Historical Survey of World Architecture and Urbanism I9
48-241Modern Architecture9
Elective Courses36 units/45 units

Students wishing to pursue the minor should meet with the Architecture advisor to determine course eligibility for electives.

Minimum Units: 54 (non architecture majors)
Minimum Units: 63 (architecture majors)
 

Minor in Architectural Representation and Visualization

This sequence is for candidates who intend to develop particular skills in architectural representation.  The Minor in Architectural Representation and Media is intended for those students that want to deepen their knowledge in architectural representation and media and for those who are interested in gaining advanced placement (AMP) in the M.S. programs offered by the School in the areas of Computational Design, Tangible Interaction Design and/or Emerging Media. It is earned by completing the four required media courses and then an additional three elective courses in these areas. Architecture majors wishing to pursue a Minor in Architectural Representation and Visualization must complete the required 33 units and at least an additional 30 units to fulfill the minor for a total of 63 units.

Required Courses24 units
48-120Digital Media I6
48-125Digital Media II6
48-121Drawing I6
48-126Drawing II6
Elective Courses30-39 units
48-568Advanced CAD, BIM, and 3D Visualization9
48-576Mapping Urbanism9
48-724Scripting and Parametric Design6
48-3xxArchitectural Drawing Elective (Pre-Approval of coursework required)9
48-xxxArchitectural Representation/Visualization Elective: (Pre-Approval of coursework required)9
48-xxxArchitectural Representation/Visualization Elective: (Pre-Approval of coursework required)9

Minimum Units: 54 (non-architecture majors)

Minimum Units: 63 (architecture majors)
 

Minor in Architectural Technology

This sequence is for candidates who intend to develop intellectual links to the technical aspects of the profession.  It is not available to B. Arch Candidates.

Prerequisite Courses22 units
33-106Physics I for Engineering Students12
21-120Differential and Integral Calculus10
Elective Courses32 units
48-116Building Physics9
48-215Materials and Assembly9
48-324Structures/Statics9
48-315Environment I: Climate & Energy9
48-432Environment II: Design Integration of Active Building Systems9
48-752Zero Energy Housing9

Minimum Units: 54
 

Minor in Building Science

(Available only to B. Arch Candidates)

The Minor in Building Science is intended for those students that want to deepen their knowledge in the building sciences and for those who are interested in gaining advanced placement (AMP) in the M.S. programs offered by the School in the areas of Building Performance & Diagnostics and Sustainable Design. It is earned by completing the two required building technology and three environmental science courses and then an additional three elective courses in the building sciences.

\

Required Course12 units
48-722Building Performance Modeling12
Elective Courses45 units
48-795LEED, Green Design and Building Rating in Global Context6
48-721Building Controls and Diagnostics12
48-723Performance of Advanced Building Systems9
48-729Productivity, Health and the Quality of Buildings9-12
48-749Special Topics in CD: Parametric Modeling with BIMVar.
48-752Zero Energy Housing9

Minimum Units: 54

Minor in Architectural Design Fabrication

(Available only to B. Arch Candidates)

The Minor in Architectural Design Fabrication is intended for those who wish to develop focused, disciplinary expertise in both analog and digital material methods for shaping the built environment and become involved in a community of practice dedicated to a rigorous pursuit of making as a mode of architectural research and cultural expression. It is also for students interested in gaining advanced placement in the SoA's Master of Advanced Architectural Design (MAAD) program.sciences.

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Required Courses33 units
48-545Making Intelligence9
48-555Introduction to Architectural Robotics6
48-xxxAdvanced Synthesis Options Studio with Digital Fabrication Emphasis 18
Elective Courses30 units
48-470Exploring Pattern Through Lamination6
48-473Hand and Machine Joinery, New Directions6
48-531Fabricating Customization9
48-564Furniture Design & Construction9
48-xxxAdvanced Design Fabrication3-9
xx-xxxPre-approved Design Fabrication Related Course

Minimum Units: 63

 

Minors under Art

Minor in Art

Concept Studio (choose one)10 units
60-101Concept Studio: The Self and the Human Being10
60-201Concept Studio: Space and Time10
60-202Concept Studio: Systems and Processes10
60-280Introduction to Contextual Practice10
Media Studios (choose two)20 units
60-110Electronic Media Studio: Introduction to the Moving Image10
60-210Electronic Media Studio: Introduction to Interactivity10
60-130-60-1303-D Media Studio I-I
Mini 1 and Mini 2 must be in different media.
10
60-131-60-1313D Media Studio II-II
Mini 3 and Mini 4 must be in different media.
10
60-1502D Media Studio: Drawing10
60-1602D Media Studio: Imaging10
60-2502D Media Studio: Painting10
60-2512D Media Studio: Print Media10
Advanced Media (choose two)20 units
60-4xxAdvanced ETB: Electives10
60-4xxAdvanced SIS: Electives10
60-4xxAdvanced DP3: Electives10
60-4xxAdvanced CP: Electives10
Art History/Theory (choose one)9 units
60-1xxArt History Elective9
60-2xxArt History Elective9
60-3xxArt History Elective9

Minimum units: 59
 

Minor in the History of Arts

This minor of six or more courses as designated below, will offer students a grouping of Arts History courses that can provide a broad survey in the arts or a highly specialized field.  For College of Fine Arts  students, all courses meeting the requirements  of the Minor in the History of the Arts must be taken outside of their major School, with the exception of the School of Architecture.  Interested students should contact Svenja Drouven in the College of Fine Arts, Room 100.

Introductory Level Courses27 units

(choose at least three, CFA students pick 3 outside of major)

48-240Historical Survey of World Architecture and Urbanism I
(pre-requisite for all advanced architecture classes below)
9
51-271How People Work9
54-239History of Architecture and Decor 1: Ancients to GothicVar.
54-245History of Clothing 1Var.
54-246History of Clothing 2Var.
57-173Survey of Western Music History9
60-205Critical Theory in Art III9
60-206Critical Theory in Art IV9
Advanced Courses27 units

(choose at least three, CFA students pick 3 outside of major)*

48-340Modern Architecture and Theory 1900-19459
48-341Expression in Architecture9
48-348Architectural History of Mexico & Guatemala9
48-440American Regions & Regionalism: An Architectural History of Place, Time, and Cul9
51-272Cultures4.5
51-378History of the Book and Printing6
54-381Special Topics in Drama: History, Literature and Criticism6
57-209The Beatles9
57-477Music of the Spirit6
57-478Survey of Historical Recording6
Art History/Theory Special Topics 60-350 to 60-398 (instructor permission only)9
62-360Photographers and Photography Since World War II9
62-371/79-372Photography, The First 100 Years, 1839-19399
79-395The Arts in Pittsburgh9
79-396Music and Society in 19th and 20th Century Europe and the U.S.9

Minimum units required: 54

* Other courses not on this list may qualify as approved by CFA Dean's Office (College of Fine Arts, Room 100).

Minor in Media Design – IDeATe

The minor in Media Design is offered by the School of Art as part of the Integrative Design, Arts and Technology (IDeATe) network. IDeATe offers students the opportunity to become immersed in a collaborative community of faculty and peers who share expertise, experience, and passions at the intersection of arts and technology. Students will engage in active “learning by doing” in state-of-the-art maker spaces. The program addresses current and emerging real-world challenges that require disciplinary expertise coupled with multidisciplinary perspectives and collaborative integrative approaches.

The IDeATe undergraduate curriculum consists of eight interrelated concentration areas, all of which can also be taken as minors. The themes of these areas integrate knowledge in technology and arts: Game Design, Animation & Special Effects, Media Design, Learning Media, Sound Design, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Intelligent Environments, and Physical Computing. For more information about the IDeATe network, please see Undergraduate Options.

In the Media Design minor, students learn to design digitally mediated experiences across different platforms, from mobile apps to large-scale installations, and for varied applications, from media for daily living to mediated performances.

Curriculum

Required Courses
One Portal Course
  • 15-104 Introduction to Computing for Creative Practice for students in Dietrich College, the College of Fine Arts, and the Tepper School of Business. (DC, CFA, and TSB students may take 15-112 Fundamentals of Programming and Computer Science as a substitute for 15-104.)
  • 62-150 IDeATe: Introduction to Media Synthesis and Analysis for students in the College of Engineering, Mellon College of Science, and School of Computer Science.
Four Collaborative or Supportive Courses
54-498Expanded Theater Fusion Studio10
60-446Advanced SIS: Expanded Theater Fusion Studio10
51-236Information Design9
18-099Special Topics: Mobile App Design & Development12
15-294Special Topic: Rapid Prototyping Technologies5
62-478IDeATe digiTOOL6
60-110Electronic Media Studio: Introduction to the Moving Image10
60-210Electronic Media Studio: Introduction to Interactivity10
60-412Interactive Art and Computational Design12
60-441Advanced CP/SIS: Urban Intervention10
Electives

Students may take a collaborative or supportive course from one of the other IDeATe areas as one of their four collaborative or supportive courses toward the Media Design minor.

Double-Counting Restriction

Students may double-count two of their Media Design minor courses for other requirements.

Minor in Design

Minoring in Design is a great way for students to diversify their studies and incorporate design skills and thinking into their overall academic experiences. Students who are already School of Design majors are not eligible to earn a Design minor. The 54 required units must be unique to the Design minor. No courses may be double counted.

Requirements and Electives

For a design minor, students must complete 54 units: 36 units of required courses, plus 18 units of design electives.

Required Design Courses

Both of these:

51-262Communication Design Fundamentals: Design for Interactions for Communications
(formerly CDF)
9
51-264Product Design Fundamentals: Design for Interactions for Products
(formerly IDF)
9

Two of these:

51-171Placing9
51-172Systems9
51-173Human Experience in Design9
51-271How People Work9

Two Design Electives:                              

51-xxx (9 units)

51-xxx (9 units)

Applications

Students must submit transcripts, personal statements, and completed applications by the beginning of February, and submit portfolios or design projects by the beginning of March. They must also obtain permission to complete minors from their major advisors. The minor application form includes detailed requirements.

Admission depends mainly on a student’s demonstration of design skills and aptitude. Students are notified of acceptance by the end of March.

If you are interested in applying for the Minor in Design, please contact Design Advisor, Melissa Cicozi <cicozi@cmu.edu>. You can download the Design Project and Application at www.design.cmu.edu, or paper applications are available at the School of Design office, MMCH 110.

 

Minor in Drama

The Drama minor provides students with a well-rounded opportunity to obtain preliminary professional exposure to the theatre arts. Courses may involve acting, directing, playwriting, design, production technology and management, and dramatic literature courses. Students also become involved with Drama productions by signing up for Production for Non-Majors, which involves evening crew work on various Drama productions.

Admission Requirements
  1. Students must apply to enter the program in the office of the Drama Sr. Academic Advisor, Amy Nichols, PCA 223.
  2. The student must successfully pass one Drama course prior to being considered for minor status.
Required Courses25 units
54-163Production for Non Majors
(needs to be taken twice for a total of 12 units)
6
54-175/176Conservatory Hour1
54-177Foundations of Drama I6
54-281Foundations of Drama II6

Students must meet with the School of Drama Production Manager (PCA 224) for assignments related to Production for Non-Majors.

Elective Courses30 units

The remainder of the minor is fulfilled with Drama courses of the student’s choosing, with approval from the Director of Student Services in the School of Drama, Amy Nichols. For certain courses, students may need instructor permission to register.

SAMPLE: Selected Elective Courses not requiring instructor permission:
54-187Introduction to Playwriting9
54-190Advanced Playwriting9
54-191Acting for Non-Majors9
54-193Intro to Screenwriting9
54-196Advanced Screenwriting9
SAMPLE: Selected Elective Courses requiring instructor permission:
54-109Dramaturgy 1: Approaches to Text9
54-121Directing I: Sources9
54-157Basic PTM 16
54-169Studiocraft 113
54-171Basic Design 16

Additional Drama Courses are available by instructor agreement and may require an audition, interview, or portfolio review. Students should contact the Drama Sr. Academic Advisor, Amy Nichols, to inquire about permission for specific courses in which they are interested.

Minimum units required: 55

Minors under Music

Minor in Music

This sequence is for candidates who are majors from any discipline in the university other than music who have some background in music and would like to know more about music.

Admission Requirements:

1. The student must apply to enter the program in the office of the Director of Student Services (CFA 108).

Prerequisite Course0–3 units

Beginning Piano for Minors is required of students who do not pass a beginning piano proficiency test.

57-294Beginning Piano Test0
57-329Beginning Piano for Minors3
Required Music Courses25 units

Basic Harmony I and/or Basic Solfege I are required of students who do not qualify for entrance into Harmony I and/or Solfege I, based on their scores on the theory and solfege placement tests.  These classes fulfill the harmony and solfege requirements.

57-152Harmony I9
57-161Eurhythmics I3
57-181Solfege I3
57-173Survey of Western Music History9
57-188Repertoire and Listening for Musicians1
Required Studio Courses (studio fee is charged)24 units
57-1xxElective Studio6
57-1xxElective Studio6
57-1xxElective Studio6
57-1xxElective Studio6
Elective Courses18 units

Elective courses are to be chosen from those courses listed for the School of Music in the current course catalog. Performance electives are encouraged. (An audition is required for all School of Music performance ensembles.)

Minimum units required: 67

Minor in Music Technology

This sequence is for candidates who are majors from any discipline in the university who have some background in music and would like to know more about music technology.

Note: Students in the School of Music have slightly different requirements for the Minor in Music Technology. See School of Music.

Admission Requirements

The student must apply to enter the program in the office of the Director of Student Services (CFA 108).

Prerequisite Course0–3 units

Beginning Piano for Minors is required of students who do not pass a beginning piano proficiency test.

57-294Beginning Piano Test0
57-329Beginning Piano for Minors3
Required Music Courses25 units

Basic Harmony I and/or Basic Solfege I are required of students who do not qualify for entrance into Harmony I and/or Solfege I, based on their scores on the theory and solfege placement tests.  These classes fulfill the harmony and solfege requirements.

57-152Harmony I9
57-161Eurhythmics I3
57-173Survey of Western Music History9
57-181Solfege I3
57-188Repertoire and Listening for Musicians1
Sound Recording Courses21 units
57-337Sound Recording6
57-338Sound Editing and Mastering6
57-438Multitrack Recording9
Music Technology/Sound Courses (choose 3)21 units

Choose three courses. One of the three courses must be either Introduction to Computer Music or Electronic and Computer Music.  (Note that 15-112 is a prerequisite for 15-322; 57-101 or 57-171 is a prerequisite for 57-347.)  Other courses may be taken with the permission of the music technology minor advisor.

15-104Introduction to Computing for Creative Practice10
15-322Introduction to Computer Music9
15-323Computer Music Systems and Information Processing9
18-090Twisted Signals: Multimedia Processing for the Arts10
33-114Physics of Musical Sound9
54-166Introduction to Sound Design for Theatre6
54-275History of Sound Design3
54-505Ear Training1
54-666Production Audio6
57-344Experimental Sound Synthesis9
57-347Electronic and Computer Music6
57-478Survey of Historical Recording6
60-352NOISE: Toward a Critical Theory of Sound and Hearing9

Minimum units required: 67
 

Minor in Music Theory

This sequence is for candidates who are majors from any discipline in the university who have some background in music and would like to know more about music theory.

Note: Students in the School of Music have slightly different requirements for the Minor in Music Theory. See School of Music.

Admission Requirements

The student must apply to enter the program in the office of the Director of Student Services (CFA 108).

Prerequisite Course0–3 units

Beginning Piano for Minors is required of students who do not pass a beginning piano proficiency test.

57-294Beginning Piano Test0
57-329Beginning Piano for Minors3
Required Music Courses25 units

Basic Harmony I and/or Basic Solfege I are required of students who do not qualify for entrance into Harmony I and/or Solfege I, based on their scores on the theory and solfege placement tests.  These classes fulfill the harmony and solfege requirements. 

57-152Harmony I9
57-161Eurhythmics I3
57-173Survey of Western Music History9
57-181Solfege I3
57-188Repertoire and Listening for Musicians1
Required Theory Courses21 units
57-151Counterpoint in Theory and Application6
57-153Harmony II9
57-408Form and Analysis6
Upper Level Theory Course (choose one)6 units

See theory courses on the Music Support Courses Two-Year Rotation list.  It is available on the Inside Music website:http://music.cfa.cmu.edu/.  A graduate course may be taken with the permission of the instructor.

Elective Courses18 units

Elective courses are to be chosen from those courses listed for the School of Music in the current course catalog.

Minimum units required: 70

 

Minor in Musicology

This sequence is for candidates who are majors from any discipline in the university who have some background in music and would like to know more about music history.

Admission Requirements

The student must apply to enter the program in the office of the Director of Student Services (CFA 108).

Prerequisite Course0–3 units

Beginning Piano for Minors is required of students who do not pass a beginning piano proficiency test.

57-294Beginning Piano Test0
57-329Beginning Piano for Minors3
Required Music Courses15 units

Basic Harmony I and/or Basic Solfege I are required of students who do not qualify for entrance into Harmony I and/or Solfege I, based on their scores on the theory and solfege placement tests.  These classes fulfill the harmony and solfege requirements. 

57-152Harmony I9
57-161Eurhythmics I3
57-181Solfege I3
Required Musicology Courses36 units
57-283Music History I9
57-284Music History II9
57-285Music History III9
57-190Repertoire and Listening for Musicians I3
57-289Repertoire and Listening for Musicians II3
57-290Repertoire and Listening for Musicians III3
Upper Level Musicology Course (choose one)6 units

See musicology courses on the Music Support Courses Two-Year Rotation list.  It is available on the Inside Music website:http://music.cfa.cmu.edu/.  A graduate course may be taken with the permission of the instructor.

Elective Courses18 units

Elective courses are to be chosen from those courses listed for the School of Music in the current course catalog.

Minimum units required: 75

Minor in Sound Design – IDeATe

The minor in Sound Design is offered by the School of Music as part of the Integrative Design, Arts and Technology (IDeATe) network. IDeATe offers students the opportunity to become immersed in a collaborative community of faculty and peers who share expertise, experience, and passions at the intersection of arts and technology. Students will engage in active “learning by doing” in state-of-the-art maker spaces. The program addresses current and emerging real-world challenges that require disciplinary expertise coupled with multidisciplinary perspectives and collaborative integrative approaches.

The IDeATe undergraduate curriculum consists of eight interrelated concentration areas, all of which can also be taken as minors. The themes of these areas integrate knowledge in technology and arts: Game Design, Animation & Special Effects, Media Design, Learning Media, Sound Design, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Intelligent Environments, and Physical Computing. For more information about the IDeATe network, please see Undergraduate Options.

In the Sound Design minor, students create experimental music or explore new, technology-enabled applications and markets for sound design, music creation, and performance.

Curriculum

Required Courses
One Portal Course Units
18-090Twisted Signals: Multimedia Processing for the Arts10
62-150IDeATe: Introduction to Media Synthesis and Analysis
for students in the College of Engineering, Mellon College of Science, and School of Computer Science
10
Four Collaborative or Supportive Courses
57-344Experimental Sound Synthesis9
57-345Hacking the Music World9
15-322Introduction to Computer Music9
33-114Physics of Musical Sound9
54-166Introduction to Sound Design for Theatre6
54-367Lighting Design Skills6
57-337Sound Recording6
57-347Electronic and Computer Music6
60-352NOISE: Toward a Critical Theory of Sound and Hearing9
Electives

Students may take a collaborative or supportive course from one of the other IDeATe areas as one of their four collaborative or supportive courses toward the Sound Design minor.

Double-Counting Restriction

Students may double-count two of their Sound Design minor courses for other requirements.

Minors under CFA Dean's Office

Minor in Photography

The Photography Minor exposes students to the breadth of photography offering experiences in traditional photography (i.e. film exposure and silver printing) to digital shooting and output.  The student who takes the Photography Minor will become familiar with photography’s craft, its history and significant practitioners, and develop his/her own distinct engagement with the medium.

Students may apply for the Photography Minor after they have taken a CFA or Pittsburgh Filmmakers’ beginning photography course. Freshmen should not apply for the minor. Students in four-year undergraduate programs may apply in their sophomore or junior year. Students in five-year undergraduate programs, such as Architecture, may apply in their second, third, or fourth year. Applications are accepted in both the fall and spring semesters. Students will be admitted to the minor based on their aptitude, appropriate level of photography skills, and space availability within the program. Once admitted, students will be assigned a faculty advisor who will help them determine a sequence of courses that best fits their needs and interests. 

Application Requirements

The application process for the Photography Minor requires submission of: a completed application form signed by the home department advisor, a personal statement, and a portfolio of photographs.  Contact the CFA Photography Administrator, Jamie Gruzska, MM B18, for further information and an application form.

Photography Required Courses (3)minimum 27 units
62/60-141/51-265Black and White Photography I * **10
62-241Black and White Photography II10
62-142Digital Photography I10
Photography Elective (1)minimum 9 units

Choose one (1) additional photography course from the list below in consultation with the photo advisor, or consult Jamie Gruzska for current offerings. Also, photo courses may be taken at Pittsburgh Filmmakers. Please refer to their course catalog that is available in the CFA Dean’s Office, CFA 100, or online:  pghfilmmakers.org

62-165Mutable Landscape:10
62-245Portrait Photography10
62-265Alternative Photo Processes10
62-325View Camera10
62-326Photographic Narrative9
62-375Large Format Photography: The Antiquarian Avant-Garde10
 
Photo History Required Course (1)9 units
62-371Photography, The First 100 Years, 1839-1939 **9
or 62-360 Photographers and Photography Since World War II
History, Theory, or Criticism of the Visual Arts Elective (1)9 units

Choose one (1) additional History, Theory or Criticism of the Arts course in consultation with the photo advisor.  A second Photo History course (62-360 or 62-371) can be used for this requirement.

* prerequisite for photo courses other than history, theory, and/or criticism course

** or course approved by the photography advisor

Minimum units required: 54