Undergraduate students in the Carnegie Institute of Technology can elect to complete an interdisciplinary Designated Minor in addition to their regular majors for B.S. degrees. Designated minors have been added to the curriculum of the Carnegie Institute of Technology to promote flexibility and diversity among the college’s engineering students. Independent of a student’s major, he or she is able to pursue a selected designated minor from the following list:

  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Audio Engineering
  • Automation and Controls
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Colloids, Polymers and Surfaces Technology
  • Electronic Materials
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Global Engineering
  • Materials Science and Engineering
  • Mechanical Behavior of Materials
  • Robotics (see "CIT Minors for Non-Engineering Students")

An engineering student may elect to complete a CIT designated minor. Generally, the student takes all the required courses in an engineering major but uses electives to take courses needed to fulfill the requirements of the designated minor.  Upon completion of the requirements of a CIT designated minor and the engineering degree, the minor is a formally recognized on the student’s transcript.

Each of the CIT designated minors is administered by a Program Committee consisting of faculty from all major engineering departments who serve as faculty advisors. Each Program Committee certifies the completion of requirements of the designated minor. But the student’s major department is responsible for approving the degree with a designated minor after reviewing a student’s entire academic record. Any substitution or departure from the published curriculum should be avoided. For example, non-technical courses may not be substituted for required technical courses or electives. Equivalent technical electives offered by a designated minor as substitutions for required courses in a major must be approved by the Head of the student’s major department.

Although a student generally can complete a designated minor without increasing the number of required units for graduation, early planning in electing a designated minor is important. A student also may find that some minors are more compatible than others with his/her major because of different relations between various major and minor requirements. The requirements for these CIT designated minors are listed below.


Additive Manufacturing Minor

The objective of the Minor in Additive Manufacturing is to provide the student with a background in the engineering science that applies to additive manufacturing (also known as 3D printing), from part design through additive processes, to properties and component performance.  Particular emphasis is given to metals additive manufacturing, due to its rapidly growing impact on manufacturing across multiple industries, and the need for talent in this area.  The minor is open to students in all engineering majors.

Students may not use any given course to satisfy simultaneously requirements in both their enrolled major and in this minor. Graduate courses counted towards this minor may not be (double) counted for a graduate degree.

Minor Coordinators

Prof. Jack Beuth, Director
Dr. Sandra Wolf, Assoc. Director
Prof. Anthony Rollett, Assoc. Director

Departmental Contacts

Biomedical EngineeringRobert Tilton
Chemical EngineeringAditya Khair
Civil and Environmental EngineeringMitchell Small
Electrical and Computer EngineeringDiana Marculescu
Engineering and Public PolicyDeanna Hart Matthews
Materials Science and EngineeringAnthony Rollett
Mechanical EngineeringJack Beuth

Course Requirements

This minor requires a total of five (5) courses comprising of three core courses and two technical electives.

Core Courses3 courses, 36 units
39-601Special Topics: Additive Manufacturing Processing and Product Development12
39-602Materials Science for Additive Manufacturing12
39-603Additive Manufacturing Laboratory12
Technical Electives2 courses

To select acceptable technical elective course options, please speak with your departmental contact, or see https://engineering.cmu.edu/next/education-training.html.


Audio Engineering Minor

Tom Sullivan, Director and Faculty Advisor

This sequence is for candidates who are engineering majors with interest in and/or have background in music, recording, sound-editing and/or other music technology areas; or majors from any discipline in the university who have the above interests and who can meet the prerequisite requirements for the engineering courses in the minor.

Note: Students who do not have the requisite engineering/science/math background should investigate the Minor in Music Technology offered by the School of Music.

Course Requirements

Minimum units required for minor:73-79

The student must have taken the appropriate prerequisite courses for the listed courses.

Prerequisite Courses, 0-3 units

Beginning Piano is required of students who do not pass a piano proficiency test.

57-103Elective Studio (Beginning Piano Class)3
Music Courses, 40-43 units

Basic Harmony I is required of students who do not qualify for entrance into Harmony I, based on their scores on the theory placement test.

57-101Introduction to Music Technology6
57-149Basic Harmony I9
or 57-152 Harmony I
57-173Survey of Western Music History *9
57-188Repertoire and Listening for Musicians1
57-337Sound Recording6

* co-requisite 57-188.

(choose two of the courses below)

15-322Introduction to Computer Music9
57-338Sound Editing and Mastering6
57-347Electronic and Computer Music6
57-438Multitrack Recording9
Technical Courses, 33 units

Other courses may be taken with the approval of the Audio Engineering Minor Advisor.

33-114Physics of Musical Sound9
18-493Electroacoustics **12

** prerequisites 18-220 and 18-290.

(choose one of the courses below)

15-210Parallel and Sequential Data Structures and Algorithms12
or 15-214 Principles of Software Construction: Objects, Design, and Concurrency
18-320Microelectronic Circuits +12
18-349Introduction to Embedded Systems **12

* prerequisite 18-290.

** prerequisite 18-240 and 18-213.

+ prerequisite 18-220.


Automation and Controls Minor

Erik Ydstie, Director and Faculty Advisor

Office: DH 4210 A

The objective of the Designated Minor in Automation and Control Engineering is to expose CIT students to the breadth of knowledge required by the modern practice of control and automation. With this objective in mind, the requirements include not only two courses in control system analysis and design, but also courses on real-time computation, software engineering, hardware implementation, and applications. The minor is expected to attract primarily students from Chemical Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. The main interdisciplinary component of the minor is between engineering and computer science, although many opportunities exist for creating a program across several CIT departments.

Course Requirements

Minimum units required for minor:54

The minor requires a minimum of six courses as described below:

Note: The course lists below are not necessarily current or complete. Appropriate courses not listed below may be counted toward the requirements for the minor upon approval by one of the departmental the faculty advisors. Students interested in the Automation and Control Engineering Designated Minor are encouraged to look for applicable courses each semester in CIT, CS, and Robotics.

One basic control course: Units
18-370Fundamentals of Control12
24-451Feedback Control Systems12
One course on control system analysis and design:
06-708Advanced Process Dynamics and Control12
18-771Linear Systems12
One course on computing and software
12-741Data Management6
18-649Distributed Embedded Systems12
Other courses as approved by Director and Faculty Advisor
One course on hardware implementation:
06-423Unit Operations Laboratory9
18-474Embedded Control Systems12
18-578Mechatronic Design12
One course on applications:
06-606Computational Methods for Large Scale Process Design & Analysis9
16-311Introduction to Robotics12
16-761Mobile Robots12
xx-xxxIndependent project12
One elective course:
xx-xxxAny course in the list above excluding the basic control course category6-12
15-381Artificial Intelligence: Representation and Problem Solving9
15-385Introduction to Computer Vision6
15-413Software Engineering Practicum12
15-440Distributed Systems-Time Software12
18-349Introduction to Embedded Systems12
18-491Fundamentals of Signal Processing12
18-771Linear Systems12
24-341Manufacturing Sciences9

Biomedical Engineering Minor

Associate Department Head

Professor Conrad M. Zapanta

The minor program is designed for engineering students who desire exposure to biomedical engineering but may not have the time to pursue the Biomedical Engineering additional major. The program is also open to students of all colleges and is popular among science majors. In conjunction with other relevant courses, the program may provide a sufficient background for jobs or graduate studies in biomedical engineering. Students interested in a medical career may also find this program helpful.

The Biomedical Engineering minor curriculum is comprised of three core courses and two or three electives. Students pursuing the minor may contact BME Associate Head for advice. Students interested in declaring Biomedical Engineering minor should contact either the Associate Department Head of Biomedical Engineering or the Biomedical Engineering Undergraduate Program Coordinator.


Minimum units required for minor:57
03-121Modern Biology9
42-101Introduction to Biomedical Engineering
(co-req. or pre-req. 03-121)
(pre-req. 03-121 or permission of instructor)
42-xxxBME Elective (>= 9 units), Any course offered by the Department of Biomedical Engineering numbered 42-300 or higher and worth at least 9 units
xx-xxxElective I (>= 9 units) #
xx-xxxElective II (>= 9 units) +

Some Special Topics, newly offered or intermittently offered 42-xxx may be acceptable as electives.  Students should consult with their advisors and petition the Biomedical Engineering Undergraduate Affairs Committee for permission to include such courses.


Colloids, Polymers and Surfaces Minor

Annette Jacobson, Director
Office: Doherty Hall 3102B
Website: http://www.cit.cmu.edu/current_students/services/majors_minors/engineering_minors/cps.html

The sequence of courses in the Colloids, Polymers and Surfaces (CPS) designated minor provides an opportunity to explore the science and engineering of fine particles and macromolecules as they relate to complex fluids and interfacially engineered materials. These topics are very relevant to technology and product development in industries that manufacture pharmaceuticals, coatings and paints, pulp and paper, biomaterials, surfactants and cleaning products, cosmetics and personal care products, food, textiles and fibers, nanoparticles, polymer/plastics, composite materials.

Course Requirements

Minimum units required for minor:45

This minor requires a total of five classes. The following four courses are mandatory:

06-609/09-509Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules9
06-607Physical Chemistry of Colloids and Surfaces9
06-426Experimental Colloid Surface Science9
06-466Experimental Polymer Science9

In addition, the student must take one course* from the following list:

06-221Thermodynamics *9
24-221Thermodynamics I10
27-215Thermodynamics of Materials12
33-341Thermal Physics I10
09-345Physical Chemistry (Thermo): Macroscopic Principles of Physical Chemistry9

Electronic Materials Minor

Lisa M. Porter, Director
Office:  Roberts Engineering Hall 145
Website: http://engineering.cmu.edu/current_students/services/majors_minors.html

Many of the technological changes in recent decades-notably the rise of digital data processing-has been made possible by continuing advances in the performance of electronic devices. These advances include continuous improvement in microprocessor performance, optical communication bandwidth, and magnetic disk storage capacity. Other new areas of innovation include the development of micromechanical systems and the development of flat panel display technology. These advances depend on interactions between engineers from many different disciplines. In particular, there is a strong interaction between device design and materials engineering and processing.

The Electronic Materials Minor is intended to provide students with a firm basis for the application of electronic materials in advanced systems. This minor is well suited for students who intend to pursue careers in the electronics industry (included, but not limited to, semiconductor integrated circuit design and manufacturing, and magnetic storage engineering). The minor also provides an excellent preparation for students interested in pursing graduate work in MSE, ECE, or Applied Physics.

This minor is primarily intended to offer ECE and MSE students an understanding of the important features that must be built into a material during processing so that it will function as required in an electronic or magnetic device. Other students interested in pursuing this minor should consult their advisors to determine whether it will be practical in their own curriculum.  Such students are expected to take both 18-100 and 27-201 as introductory courses.

Course Requirements

Required units for minor:66

The minor requires an introductory course together with a minimum of 45 additional units as specified below.

Required Introductory Courses:
18-100Introduction to Electrical and Computer Engineering12
27-201Structure of Materials9
45 Additional Units From the Following Electives List:
27-202Defects in Materials
(ECE students only)
18-310Fundamentals of Semiconductor Devices12
06-619Semiconductor Processing Technology9
27-542Processing and Properites of Thin Films9
27-533Principles of Growth and Processing of Semiconductors6
27-432Electronic and Thermal Properties of Metals, Semiconductors and Related Devices9
27-433Dielectric, Magnetic, Superconducting Properties of Materials & Related Devices9
18-403Microfabrication Methods and Technology12
18-614Microelectromechanical Systems12
33-225Quantum Physics and Structure of Matter9
xx-xxxAn approved research project on electronic materials6-12
xx-xxxAn approved special topics or graduate level class pertaining to electronic materials6-12



Environmental Engineering and Sustainability Minor

Neil M. Donahue,  Director
Office:  Doherty Hall 2116

Concern for the environment now influences a wide range of public, private and engineering decisions. Environmental Engineering is widely recognized as a discipline at the graduate and professional level, and undergraduate training in environmental issues and processes can provide the preparation necessary to pursue this career path, or serve as a useful complement to a career in any of the traditional areas of engineering. Sustainability issues are not considered critical across engineering disciplines.Effective preparation requires broad knowledge and skills in the areas of environmental engineering, sustainability, and environmental policy.

Faculty Advisors

The Environmental Engineering and Sustainability program is a focus for faculty members from diverse engineering backgrounds. The faculty are actively engaged in teaching and conducting research in this field. Current faculty advisors are:

  • Biomedical Engineering — Robert Tilton
  • Chemical Engineering – Neil Donahue
  • Civil and Environmental Engineering —  Peter Adams and Scott Matthews
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering — Marija Ilic
  • Engineering and Public Policy — Edward Rubin
  • Mechanical Engineering — Ryan Sullivan
  • Materials Science and Engineering — Robert Heard

To declare this minor, please speak with a faculty advisor and then contact Andrea Francioni Rooney in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering.

Course Requirements

Minimum units required for minor66

The requirements include two core courses, three technical electives, and two policy electives.

A1. Core Courses in Sustainability12 units

Select one course from:

12-712/19-717Introduction to Sustainable Engineering12
12/19-714Environmental Life Cycle Assessment12
A2. Core Courses in Environmental Engineering9 units

Select one course from:

12-351Environmental Engineering See note 49
24/19-424Energy and the Environment9
12-651Air Quality Engineering9
24-425Combustion and Air Pollution Control9
12-702Fundamentals of Water Quality Engineering12
B. Technical Electives in Environmental Engineering and Sustainability27 units

Select three from the following list:

03-121Modern Biology9
09-106Modern Chemistry II10
09-510Chemistry and Sustainability9
12-351Environmental Engineering see note 49
12-651Air Quality Engineering9
12-657Water Resource Systems Engineering9
12-702Fundamentals of Water Quality Engineering12
12-712/19-717Introduction to Sustainable Engineering12
12/19-714Environmental Life Cycle Assessment12
12-718Environmental Engineering, Sustainability, and Science Project12
24/19-424Energy and the Environment9
24-425Combustion and Air Pollution Control9
27-367Selection and Performance of Materials *6
27-421Processing Design *6
48-315Environment I: Climate & Energy9

*    6 units; must be combined with 3 additional units

C. Policy Electives18 units

Select two from the following list of humanities/social science-oriented courses:

06/19-365Water Technology Innovation and Policy9
19-421Emerging Energy Policies9
19-425Sustainable Energy for the Developing World9
19-653Climate Change Mitigation12
19-665Environmental Politics and Policy *6
19-666Energy Policy and Economics *6
76-425Science in the Public Sphere9
76-476Rhetoric of Science9
79-369Disasters in American History: Floods and Hurricanes *6
79-336Oil & Water: Middle East Perspectives6
79-370Disasters in American History (2):Epidemics & Fires *6
80-244Environmental Ethics9
88-220Policy Analysis I9
88-221Analytical Foundations of Public Policy9
88-223Decision Analysis9
90-765Cities, Technology and the Environment *6
90-789Sustainable Community Development12
90-798Environmental Policy & Planning12

*    6 units; must be combined with 3 additional units


  1. Courses cannot be double-counted for lists A and B.
  2. Courses used to fulfill the first year restricted technical electives for CIT cannot be double counted for list B requirements
  3. A group of three environmental policy courses, from List C, excluding Heinz courses, may be counted as fulfilling the general education depth requirement required of all CIT students if and only if the student completes the Environmental Engineering and Sustainability Minor. Approval of the selected courses from List C for fulfillment of this CIT depth sequence is required from the student’s home department advisor.
  4. Courses required within a student’s CIT major can be double counted for list A or B course requirements, with the exception that 12-351 Environmental Engineering can be counted toward completion of the minor for non-CEE students only.
  5. Students may take up to two list B courses in their home department. One list B course must be from outside their home department. EPP double majors should NOT consider EPP their home department. BME double majors should NOT consider BME their home department.
  6. At most ONE 48-xxx course can be used as a List B course and one as a List C course. The 48-xxx courses may not be acceptable as technical electives by some CIT engineering departments.
  7. Other environmentally related technical electives with similar or related content may be substituted for List B courses only with written permission of the Director.
  8. Other humanities and social science courses with similar or related content may be substituted for Type C courses only with written permission of the Director.
  9. A list of available courses for the minor in each semester is provided to students who have declared the minor and to all faculty advisors for the minor.

Global Engineering Minor

Treci Bonime, Director
Office: Scaife Hall 120

Many engineers work on international projects or for multinational companies.  Carnegie Mellon is an international community, with a significant fraction of international students and many events featuring foreign speakers and cultural experiences.  This minor is intended for engineering students interested in broadening their background in international experiences and global awareness and engagement.

Course Requirements

International Management (1 course)

Complete one course in international management or business such as:

70-342Managing Across Cultures9
70-365International Trade and International Law9
70-381Marketing I9
70-430International Management9
88-384Conflict and Conflict Resolution in International Relations9
Or approved equivalent.
Regional Specialization (1 course)

Complete one course in non-US History, international politics, or literature in a single region of the world. See the list at http://www.cit.cmu.edu/global/courses_degrees.html below for examples (Note: Please consult with the Global Engineering director before planning your course schedule, as some course information may have changed).

Ethics (1 course)

Any ethics course that provides some exposure to international ethics issues such as:

70-332Business, Society and Ethics9
80-136Social Structure, Public Policy & Ethics9
80-244Environmental Ethics9
80-247Ethics and Global Economics9
Or approved equivalent
Modern Languages

Demonstration of basic competency in a foreign language via one of the three options listed below:

  • Complete one (1) Modern Languages course at the 200 level, with a minimum grade of C, or
  • Achieve a score of 4 or higher in one foreign language Advanced Placement examination, or
  • Demonstrate equivalent proficiency to the satisfaction of the Department of Modern Languages
Study/Work Abroad

Study or engineering internship work abroad for a semester or a summer. The region visited should be consistent with the language and regional culture/history studied.


Materials Science and Engineering Minor

Michael E. McHenry. Director
Office: Roberts Engineering Hall 243

The Designated Minor in Materials Science and Engineering provides the CIT student with a background in the field of Materials Science and Engineering.  This minor is open to all CIT students, with the exception of MSE majors.  All required and elective courses are taught within the MSE Department.

Course Requirements

Minimum units required for minor45

The minor requires a minimum of 45 units, with two semester long required courses (the first being a sequence of two minis).


Students wishing to take the MSE minor must have prerequisite thermodynamics and transport courses.  The prerequisite MSE courses may be substituted for by a thermodynamics and transport course  in another engineering discipline.

Core Courses (21 units)
27-211Structure of Materials (Minor Option)6
27-212Defects in Materials (Minor Option)6
27-217Phase Relations and Diagrams12

The laboratories with these courses are not required as core but will be counted as elective units if desired.

Elective Courses (24 units minimum)

The student must select a minimum of 24 units from the following list:

27-100Engineering the Materials of the Future12
27-301Microstructure and Properties I9
27-311Polymeric Biomaterials9
27-323Powder Processing of Materials9
27-324Introduction to Polymer Science and Engineering9
27-357Introduction to Materials Selection6
27-367Selection and Performance of Materials6
27-582Phase Transformations in Solids9
27-433Dielectric, Magnetic, Superconducting Properties of Materials & Related Devices9
27-432Electronic and Thermal Properties of Metals, Semiconductors and Related Devices9
27-421Processing Design6
27-445Structure, Properties and Performance Relationships in Magnetic Materials9
27-591Mechanical Behavior of Materials9
27-454Supervised ReadingVar.
27-533Principles of Growth and Processing of Semiconductors6
27-555Materials Project IVar.
27-565Nanostructured Materials9
27-542Processing and Properites of Thin Films9
27-551Properties of Ceramics and Glasses9
27-566Special Topics in MSE:Using Matls Informatics to Assess Societal Impact of Matls9
27-592Solidification Processing9
42-444Medical Devices9



Mechanical Behavior of Materials Minor

Warren M. Garrison, Jr., Director   
Office: Wean Hall 3303

An understanding of mechanical behavior is important to both the development of new materials and the selection of appropriate materials for many applications. The mechanical behavior of materials is best investigated and understood by integrating solid mechanics with the microstructural basis of flow and fracture. The purpose of this minor is to allow a formal basis for students to pursue an integrated approach to the mechanical behavior of materials.

Although this minor is open to all CIT students, only students in the departments of Civil Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering can take advantage of the double counting permitted for some courses in their department majors. Students in other departments may have difficulty in fulfilling the requirements in four years.

Faculty Advisors

  • Chemical Engineering — Paul Sides  
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering — David W. Greve
  • Mechanical Engineering — Paul S. Steif
  • Materials Science and Engineering — Warren M. Garrison, Jr.

Course Requirements

Minimum units required for minor51-54

The minor requires six courses: three core courses, two solid mechanics courses, and one materials science course. In satisfying these course requirements, each student must take three out-of-department courses. Each student is required to complete three core courses:

Core Courses:
27-201Structure of Materials9
27-591Mechanical Behavior of Materials9-12
or 27-791 Mechanical Behavior of Materials
or 24-261 Statics
Group A: Materials Science Courses

Each student must take one course from this list of Materials Science courses:

27-202Defects in Materials 19
27-357Introduction to Materials Selection 26
27-551Properties of Ceramics and Glasses9
42-411Engineering Biomaterials9

1 27-202 cannot be used by MSE students to satisfy the requirements of the minor.

2 27-357 cannot be used by MSE students to satisfy the requirements of the minor.

Group B: Solid Mechanics Courses

Each student must take two of the following Solid Mechanics courses:

12-231Solid Mechanics9
or 24-262 Stress Analysis
12-635Structural Analysis9
or 24-351 Dynamics

Students should check with the director of the program or their faculty advisor for an up-to-date list of relevant courses that will count towards this minor. For more information, please consult the Undergraduate Course Catalog and the current Schedule of Classes.